Indonesian mobility is often regarded as a present-day fact. In 2007 the number of Indonesians
reported working abroad had reached 4.3 million, bringing in an income of
US$6 billion in remittances (Widodo et al. 2009). By 2010 the numbers working
abroad would have well passed 5 million, especially considering the numbers ‘smuggled’
across the Indonesian-Malaysian maritime borders (Ford & Lyons 2011).