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Fatty acid composition of membrane bilayers: Importance of diet polyunsaturated fat balance

Journal Article


Abstract


  • "In one of the most extensive analyses to date we show that the balance of diet n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) is the most important determinant of membrane composition in the rat under 'normal' conditions. Young adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed one of twelve moderate-fat diets (25% of total energy) for 8 weeks. Diets differed only in fatty acid (FA) profiles, with saturate (SFA) content ranging 8-88% of total FAs, monounsaturate (MUFA) 6-65%, total PUFA 4-81%, n-6 PUFA 3-70% and n-3 PUFA 1-70%. Diet PUFA included only essential FAs 18:2n-6 and 18:3n-3. Balance between n-3 and n-6 PUFA is defined as the PUFA balance (n-3 PUFA as % of total PUFA) and ranged 1-86% in the diets. FA composition was measured for brain, heart, liver, skeletal muscle, erythrocytes and plasma phospholipids, as well as adipose tissue and plasma triglycerides. The conformer-regulator model was used (slope = 1 indicates membrane composition completely conforming to diet). Extensive changes in diet SFA, MUFA and PUFA had minimal effect on membranes (average slopes 0.01, 0.07, 0.07 respectively), but considerable influence on adipose tissue and plasma triglycerides (average slopes 0.27, 0.53, 0.47 respectively). Diet balance between n-3 and n-6 PUFA had a biphasic influence on membrane composition. When n-3 PUFA<10% of total PUFA, membrane composition completely conformed to diet (average slope 0.95), while diet PUFA balance > 10% had little influence (average slope 0.19). The modern human diet has an average PUFA balance similar to 10% and this will likely have significant health implications. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved."

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Abbott, S. K., Else, P. L., Atkins, T. A. & Hulbert, A. J. (2012). Fatty acid composition of membrane bilayers: Importance of diet polyunsaturated fat balance. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Biomembranes, 1818 (5), 1309-1317.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84857953757

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/hbspapers/3066

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 8

Start Page


  • 1309

End Page


  • 1317

Volume


  • 1818

Issue


  • 5

Place Of Publication


  • Netherlands

Abstract


  • "In one of the most extensive analyses to date we show that the balance of diet n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) is the most important determinant of membrane composition in the rat under 'normal' conditions. Young adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed one of twelve moderate-fat diets (25% of total energy) for 8 weeks. Diets differed only in fatty acid (FA) profiles, with saturate (SFA) content ranging 8-88% of total FAs, monounsaturate (MUFA) 6-65%, total PUFA 4-81%, n-6 PUFA 3-70% and n-3 PUFA 1-70%. Diet PUFA included only essential FAs 18:2n-6 and 18:3n-3. Balance between n-3 and n-6 PUFA is defined as the PUFA balance (n-3 PUFA as % of total PUFA) and ranged 1-86% in the diets. FA composition was measured for brain, heart, liver, skeletal muscle, erythrocytes and plasma phospholipids, as well as adipose tissue and plasma triglycerides. The conformer-regulator model was used (slope = 1 indicates membrane composition completely conforming to diet). Extensive changes in diet SFA, MUFA and PUFA had minimal effect on membranes (average slopes 0.01, 0.07, 0.07 respectively), but considerable influence on adipose tissue and plasma triglycerides (average slopes 0.27, 0.53, 0.47 respectively). Diet balance between n-3 and n-6 PUFA had a biphasic influence on membrane composition. When n-3 PUFA<10% of total PUFA, membrane composition completely conformed to diet (average slope 0.95), while diet PUFA balance > 10% had little influence (average slope 0.19). The modern human diet has an average PUFA balance similar to 10% and this will likely have significant health implications. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved."

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Abbott, S. K., Else, P. L., Atkins, T. A. & Hulbert, A. J. (2012). Fatty acid composition of membrane bilayers: Importance of diet polyunsaturated fat balance. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Biomembranes, 1818 (5), 1309-1317.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84857953757

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/hbspapers/3066

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 8

Start Page


  • 1309

End Page


  • 1317

Volume


  • 1818

Issue


  • 5

Place Of Publication


  • Netherlands