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Homophobia to heterosexism: constructs in need of re-visitation

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Although the concept of homophobia has been

    used extensively in the literature since the

    early 1960s, researchers have shown growing

    concern for its relevance in present day research.

    Additionally, there has been variance

    in its definition leading to an array of ambiguities

    resulting in methodological limitations in

    empirical studies with a disregard for ensuring

    that definitions used match the focus of study.

    There have been numerous attempts to locate

    the construct within a theoretical framework

    and this has also resulted in weak empirical

    design. These weaknesses in research on homophobia

    have resulted in the coining of the

    construct heterosexism as a more contemporary

    and more appropriate definition than that

    of homophobia to indicate anti-gay discrimination.

    This review considers both terms with

    regard to their appropriateness and distinction

    and the utility of the construct heterosexism

    as it is applied to contemporary research on

    non-heterosexual communities. It is concluded

    that homophobia can no longer be framed as

    a straightforward function of individual psyches

    or irrational fear and loathing and that

    heterosexism is more appropriate in defining

    prejudiced behaviours and their consequences

    for non-heterosexual communities.

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Smith, I., Oades, L. G. & McCarthy, G. (2012). Homophobia to heterosexism: constructs in need of re-visitation. Gay and Lesbian issues and Psychology Review, 8 (1), 34-44.

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1190&context=gsbpapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/gsbpapers/188

Number Of Pages


  • 10

Start Page


  • 34

End Page


  • 44

Volume


  • 8

Issue


  • 1

Place Of Publication


  • Australia

Abstract


  • Although the concept of homophobia has been

    used extensively in the literature since the

    early 1960s, researchers have shown growing

    concern for its relevance in present day research.

    Additionally, there has been variance

    in its definition leading to an array of ambiguities

    resulting in methodological limitations in

    empirical studies with a disregard for ensuring

    that definitions used match the focus of study.

    There have been numerous attempts to locate

    the construct within a theoretical framework

    and this has also resulted in weak empirical

    design. These weaknesses in research on homophobia

    have resulted in the coining of the

    construct heterosexism as a more contemporary

    and more appropriate definition than that

    of homophobia to indicate anti-gay discrimination.

    This review considers both terms with

    regard to their appropriateness and distinction

    and the utility of the construct heterosexism

    as it is applied to contemporary research on

    non-heterosexual communities. It is concluded

    that homophobia can no longer be framed as

    a straightforward function of individual psyches

    or irrational fear and loathing and that

    heterosexism is more appropriate in defining

    prejudiced behaviours and their consequences

    for non-heterosexual communities.

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Smith, I., Oades, L. G. & McCarthy, G. (2012). Homophobia to heterosexism: constructs in need of re-visitation. Gay and Lesbian issues and Psychology Review, 8 (1), 34-44.

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1190&context=gsbpapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/gsbpapers/188

Number Of Pages


  • 10

Start Page


  • 34

End Page


  • 44

Volume


  • 8

Issue


  • 1

Place Of Publication


  • Australia