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Borderline personality disorder subtypes: A factor analysis of the DSM-IV criteria

Journal Article


Abstract


  • This study examined the underlying factor structure of the DSM-IV criteria to determine whether the diagnosis could be classified into subtypes. It also sought to enhance the clinical interpretation of any identified subtypes by examining their relation to comorbid axis I and II disorders. In 95 treatment-seeking adults (82 women, 13 men), attending a psychiatric outpatient clinic principle components analysis yielded support for three subtypes: ‘affect dysregulation’, ‘rejection sensitivity’ and ‘mentalization failure’. Results of logistic regression analyses indicated that the affect dysregulation subtype was associated with the comorbid diagnosis of generalized anxiety and panic disorder and other cluster B and C personality disorders. The mentalization failure subtype was found to be predictive of posttraumatic stress disorder and other cluster B personality disorders. With further research, confirmation of these subtypes may inform diagnostic revisions and appropriate treatment regimes that are individually designed to target the patients' core symptoms.

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Lewis, K., Caputi, P. & Grenyer, B. F. S. (2012). Borderline personality disorder subtypes: A factor analysis of the DSM-IV criteria. Personality and Mental Health, 6 (3), 196-206.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84865298747

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/36

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 10

Start Page


  • 196

End Page


  • 206

Volume


  • 6

Issue


  • 3

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom

Abstract


  • This study examined the underlying factor structure of the DSM-IV criteria to determine whether the diagnosis could be classified into subtypes. It also sought to enhance the clinical interpretation of any identified subtypes by examining their relation to comorbid axis I and II disorders. In 95 treatment-seeking adults (82 women, 13 men), attending a psychiatric outpatient clinic principle components analysis yielded support for three subtypes: ‘affect dysregulation’, ‘rejection sensitivity’ and ‘mentalization failure’. Results of logistic regression analyses indicated that the affect dysregulation subtype was associated with the comorbid diagnosis of generalized anxiety and panic disorder and other cluster B and C personality disorders. The mentalization failure subtype was found to be predictive of posttraumatic stress disorder and other cluster B personality disorders. With further research, confirmation of these subtypes may inform diagnostic revisions and appropriate treatment regimes that are individually designed to target the patients' core symptoms.

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Lewis, K., Caputi, P. & Grenyer, B. F. S. (2012). Borderline personality disorder subtypes: A factor analysis of the DSM-IV criteria. Personality and Mental Health, 6 (3), 196-206.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84865298747

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/36

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 10

Start Page


  • 196

End Page


  • 206

Volume


  • 6

Issue


  • 3

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom