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Child injury in an urban Australian indigenous community: the safe koori kids intervention

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Objective To design and evaluate an intervention targeting

    urban indigenous Australian children in order to increase their

    self-effi cacy, knowledge and attitudes towards safety.

    Methods The Safe Koori Kids intervention was developed and

    delivered to 790 children primary school aged children (13%

    indigenous) in 24 middle and upper primary classes across fi ve

    schools in Sydney, Australia. The intervention, consisting of

    fi ve safety modules, was evaluated using a mixed-methods

    approach. A pre-test post-test research design was applied to

    evaluate changes in key outcomes namely child self-effi cacy,

    knowledge and attitudes towards safety. Qualitative and

    quantitative data were collected from teachers.

    Findings There was a signifi cant increase (p<0.05) in self-effi

    cacy among children from pre- to post-intervention for both

    Indigenous (6%) and non-Indigenous children (2%). Safety

    knowledge among Indigenous children increased from pre- to

    post intervention by 17% (p<0.01) and non-Indigenous children

    by 15%, (p<0.01). However, there were no signifi cant

    improvements in attitudes towards safety (indigenous children

    2%, p=0.288, non-Indigenous children 1%, p=0.0721). Overall,

    Indigenous children scored lower than non-Indigenous children

    post intervention on self-effi cacy (75%:77%), knowledge

    (56%:63%) and attitudes towards safety (79%:84%). Teacher

    focus groups provided further evidence of the programs impact

    on children’s safety knowledge and attitudes.

    Conclusions The study contributes to our limited knowledge

    about effective child injury prevention for disadvantaged

    Indigenous minorities in high income countries. This is the

    fi rst intervention of its type in an urban indigenous setting in

    Australia which has positively contributed to the resilience of

    indigenous children and families with respect to safety and

    their environment.

Publication Date


  • 2010

Citation


  • K. F. Clapham, F. A. Khavarpour, R. J. Bolt & M. Stevenson, "Child injury in an urban Australian indigenous community: the safe koori kids intervention", Injury Prevention 16 Suppl 1 (2010) A138.

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/ahsri/178

Start Page


  • A138

Volume


  • 16

Issue


  • Suppl 1

Abstract


  • Objective To design and evaluate an intervention targeting

    urban indigenous Australian children in order to increase their

    self-effi cacy, knowledge and attitudes towards safety.

    Methods The Safe Koori Kids intervention was developed and

    delivered to 790 children primary school aged children (13%

    indigenous) in 24 middle and upper primary classes across fi ve

    schools in Sydney, Australia. The intervention, consisting of

    fi ve safety modules, was evaluated using a mixed-methods

    approach. A pre-test post-test research design was applied to

    evaluate changes in key outcomes namely child self-effi cacy,

    knowledge and attitudes towards safety. Qualitative and

    quantitative data were collected from teachers.

    Findings There was a signifi cant increase (p<0.05) in self-effi

    cacy among children from pre- to post-intervention for both

    Indigenous (6%) and non-Indigenous children (2%). Safety

    knowledge among Indigenous children increased from pre- to

    post intervention by 17% (p<0.01) and non-Indigenous children

    by 15%, (p<0.01). However, there were no signifi cant

    improvements in attitudes towards safety (indigenous children

    2%, p=0.288, non-Indigenous children 1%, p=0.0721). Overall,

    Indigenous children scored lower than non-Indigenous children

    post intervention on self-effi cacy (75%:77%), knowledge

    (56%:63%) and attitudes towards safety (79%:84%). Teacher

    focus groups provided further evidence of the programs impact

    on children’s safety knowledge and attitudes.

    Conclusions The study contributes to our limited knowledge

    about effective child injury prevention for disadvantaged

    Indigenous minorities in high income countries. This is the

    fi rst intervention of its type in an urban indigenous setting in

    Australia which has positively contributed to the resilience of

    indigenous children and families with respect to safety and

    their environment.

Publication Date


  • 2010

Citation


  • K. F. Clapham, F. A. Khavarpour, R. J. Bolt & M. Stevenson, "Child injury in an urban Australian indigenous community: the safe koori kids intervention", Injury Prevention 16 Suppl 1 (2010) A138.

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/ahsri/178

Start Page


  • A138

Volume


  • 16

Issue


  • Suppl 1