The importance of comprehensive infection prevention and control programs (IPCPs) to prevent
healthcare associated infection is well reported in the literature. What is not as well reported are the conceptual
frameworks that guide the adoption of these comprehensive programs. By reporting the catalysts and processes
associated with the successful adoption of IPCPs, a template for successful program implementation may be
developed that will assist others in recognising such opportunities, thus enabling replication. This paper provides
stimulus for such adoption and implementation.
A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to identify reports of comprehensive IPCP adoption and
the conceptual frameworks used in the process. The review revealed an absence of relevant literature examining
the adoption of comprehensive IPCP or associated conceptual frameworks. Only one published study demonstrated
the Diffusion of Innovations framework, and is discussed in detail. The outcome of this literature review points to
a clear need for more research into IPCP adoption. This is especially important as relevant literature would assist
low-resourced healthcare settings in their adoption of comprehensive IPCPs.