Skip to main content
placeholder image

The Nubian complex of Dhofar, Oman: an African Middle Stone Age industry in Southern Arabia

Journal Article


Download full-text (Open Access)

Abstract


  • Despite the numerous studies proposing early human population expansions from Africa into Arabia during the Late Pleistocene, no archaeological sites have yet been discovered in Arabia that resemble a specific African industry, which would indicate demographic exchange across the Red Sea. Here we report the discovery of a buried site and more than 100 new surface scatters in the Dhofar region of Oman belonging to a regionally-specific African lithic industry - the late Nubian Complex - known previously only from the northeast and Horn of Africa during Marine Isotope Stage 5, ~128,000 to 74,000 years ago. Two optically stimulated luminescence age estimates from the open-air site of Aybut Al Auwal in Oman place the Arabian Nubian Complex at ~106,000 years ago, providing archaeological evidence for the presence of a distinct northeast African Middle Stone Age technocomplex in southern Arabia sometime in the first half of Marine Isotope Stage 5. © 2011 Rose et al.

UOW Authors


  •   Rose, Jeffrey I. (external author)
  •   Usik, V I. (external author)
  •   Marks, A E. (external author)
  •   Hilbert, Y H. (external author)
  •   Galletti, C S. (external author)
  •   Parton, Ash (external author)
  •   Geiling, J M. (external author)
  •   Cerny, V (external author)
  •   Morley, Mike W. (external author)
  •   Roberts, Richard

Publication Date


  • 2011

Citation


  • Rose, J. I., Usik, V. I., Marks, A. E., Hilbert, Y. H., Galletti, C. S., Parton, A., Geiling, J. Marie., Cerny, V., Morley, M. W. & Roberts, R. G. (2011). The Nubian complex of Dhofar, Oman: an African Middle Stone Age industry in Southern Arabia. PLoS ONE, 6 (11), e28239.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-82355161913

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=7431&context=scipapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/scipapers/4089

Start Page


  • e28239

Volume


  • 6

Issue


  • 11

Abstract


  • Despite the numerous studies proposing early human population expansions from Africa into Arabia during the Late Pleistocene, no archaeological sites have yet been discovered in Arabia that resemble a specific African industry, which would indicate demographic exchange across the Red Sea. Here we report the discovery of a buried site and more than 100 new surface scatters in the Dhofar region of Oman belonging to a regionally-specific African lithic industry - the late Nubian Complex - known previously only from the northeast and Horn of Africa during Marine Isotope Stage 5, ~128,000 to 74,000 years ago. Two optically stimulated luminescence age estimates from the open-air site of Aybut Al Auwal in Oman place the Arabian Nubian Complex at ~106,000 years ago, providing archaeological evidence for the presence of a distinct northeast African Middle Stone Age technocomplex in southern Arabia sometime in the first half of Marine Isotope Stage 5. © 2011 Rose et al.

UOW Authors


  •   Rose, Jeffrey I. (external author)
  •   Usik, V I. (external author)
  •   Marks, A E. (external author)
  •   Hilbert, Y H. (external author)
  •   Galletti, C S. (external author)
  •   Parton, Ash (external author)
  •   Geiling, J M. (external author)
  •   Cerny, V (external author)
  •   Morley, Mike W. (external author)
  •   Roberts, Richard

Publication Date


  • 2011

Citation


  • Rose, J. I., Usik, V. I., Marks, A. E., Hilbert, Y. H., Galletti, C. S., Parton, A., Geiling, J. Marie., Cerny, V., Morley, M. W. & Roberts, R. G. (2011). The Nubian complex of Dhofar, Oman: an African Middle Stone Age industry in Southern Arabia. PLoS ONE, 6 (11), e28239.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-82355161913

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=7431&context=scipapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/scipapers/4089

Start Page


  • e28239

Volume


  • 6

Issue


  • 11