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A wearable electrochemical sensor for the real-time measurement of sweat sodium concentration

Journal Article


Abstract


  • We report a new method for the real-time quantitative analysis of sodium in human sweat, consolidating sweat collection and analysis in a single, integrated, wearable platform. This temporal data opens up new possibilities in the study of human physiology, broadly applicable from assessing high performance athletes to monitoring Cystic Fibrosis (CF) sufferers. Our compact Sodium Sensor Belt (SSB) consists of a sodium selective Ion Selective Electrode (ISE) integrated into a platform that can be interfaced with the human body during exercise. No skin cleaning regime or sweat storage technology is required as the sweat is continually wicked from the skin to a sensing surface and from there to a storage area via a fabric pump. Our results suggest that after an initial equilibration period, a steady-state sodium plateau concentration was reached. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) was used as a reference method, and this has confirmed the accuracy of the new continuous monitoring approach. The steady-state concentrations observed were found to fall within ranges previously found in the literature, which further validates the approach. Daily calibration repeatability (n = 4) was ±3.0% RSD and over a three month period reproducibility was ±12.1% RSD (n = 56). As a further application, we attempted to monitor the sweat of Cystic Fibrosis (CF) sufferers using the same device. We observed high sodium concentrations symptomatic of CF (∼60 mM Na+) for two CF patients, with no conclusive results for the remaining patients due to their limited exercising capability, and high viscosity/low volume of sweat produced. © 2010 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

UOW Authors


  •   Schazmann, B (external author)
  •   Morris, David M. (external author)
  •   Slater, C (external author)
  •   Beirne, Stephen
  •   Fay, Cormac
  •   Reuveny, R (external author)
  •   Moyna, Niall (external author)
  •   Diamond, Dermot (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2010

Geographic Focus


Citation


  • Schazmann, B., Morris, D., Slater, C., Beirne, S. T., Fay, C., Reuveny, R., Moyna, N. & Diamond, D. (2010). A wearable electrochemical sensor for the real-time measurement of sweat sodium concentration. Analytical Methods, 2 (4), 342-348.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-77954945205

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/aiimpapers/484

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 6

Start Page


  • 342

End Page


  • 348

Volume


  • 2

Issue


  • 4

Abstract


  • We report a new method for the real-time quantitative analysis of sodium in human sweat, consolidating sweat collection and analysis in a single, integrated, wearable platform. This temporal data opens up new possibilities in the study of human physiology, broadly applicable from assessing high performance athletes to monitoring Cystic Fibrosis (CF) sufferers. Our compact Sodium Sensor Belt (SSB) consists of a sodium selective Ion Selective Electrode (ISE) integrated into a platform that can be interfaced with the human body during exercise. No skin cleaning regime or sweat storage technology is required as the sweat is continually wicked from the skin to a sensing surface and from there to a storage area via a fabric pump. Our results suggest that after an initial equilibration period, a steady-state sodium plateau concentration was reached. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) was used as a reference method, and this has confirmed the accuracy of the new continuous monitoring approach. The steady-state concentrations observed were found to fall within ranges previously found in the literature, which further validates the approach. Daily calibration repeatability (n = 4) was ±3.0% RSD and over a three month period reproducibility was ±12.1% RSD (n = 56). As a further application, we attempted to monitor the sweat of Cystic Fibrosis (CF) sufferers using the same device. We observed high sodium concentrations symptomatic of CF (∼60 mM Na+) for two CF patients, with no conclusive results for the remaining patients due to their limited exercising capability, and high viscosity/low volume of sweat produced. © 2010 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

UOW Authors


  •   Schazmann, B (external author)
  •   Morris, David M. (external author)
  •   Slater, C (external author)
  •   Beirne, Stephen
  •   Fay, Cormac
  •   Reuveny, R (external author)
  •   Moyna, Niall (external author)
  •   Diamond, Dermot (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2010

Geographic Focus


Citation


  • Schazmann, B., Morris, D., Slater, C., Beirne, S. T., Fay, C., Reuveny, R., Moyna, N. & Diamond, D. (2010). A wearable electrochemical sensor for the real-time measurement of sweat sodium concentration. Analytical Methods, 2 (4), 342-348.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-77954945205

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/aiimpapers/484

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 6

Start Page


  • 342

End Page


  • 348

Volume


  • 2

Issue


  • 4