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A 100,000-year-old ochre-processing workshop at Blombos Cave, South Africa

Journal Article


Abstract


  • The conceptual ability to source, combine, and store substances that enhance technology or social practices represents a benchmark in the evolution of complex human cognition. Excavations in 2008 at Blombos Cave, South Africa, revealed a processing workshop where a liquefied ochre-rich mixture was produced and stored in two Haliotis midae (abalone) shells 100,000 years ago. Ochre, bone, charcoal, grindstones, and hammerstones form a composite part of this production toolkit. The application of the mixture is unknown, but possibilities include decoration and skin protection.

Authors


  •   Henshilwood, Christopher S. (external author)
  •   d'Errico, Francesco (external author)
  •   Van Niekerk, Karen (external author)
  •   Coquinot, Y (external author)
  •   Jacobs, Zenobia
  •   Lauritzen, S-E (external author)
  •   Menu, M (external author)
  •   Garcia-Moreno, R (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2011

Citation


  • Henshilwood, C. S., d'Errico, F., van Niekerk, K. L., Coquinot, Y., Jacobs, Z., Lauritzen, S., Menu, M. & Garcia-Moreno, R. (2011). A 100,000-year-old ochre-processing workshop at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Science, 334 (6053), 219-222.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-80054115942

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/scipapers/4074

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 3

Start Page


  • 219

End Page


  • 222

Volume


  • 334

Issue


  • 6053

Abstract


  • The conceptual ability to source, combine, and store substances that enhance technology or social practices represents a benchmark in the evolution of complex human cognition. Excavations in 2008 at Blombos Cave, South Africa, revealed a processing workshop where a liquefied ochre-rich mixture was produced and stored in two Haliotis midae (abalone) shells 100,000 years ago. Ochre, bone, charcoal, grindstones, and hammerstones form a composite part of this production toolkit. The application of the mixture is unknown, but possibilities include decoration and skin protection.

Authors


  •   Henshilwood, Christopher S. (external author)
  •   d'Errico, Francesco (external author)
  •   Van Niekerk, Karen (external author)
  •   Coquinot, Y (external author)
  •   Jacobs, Zenobia
  •   Lauritzen, S-E (external author)
  •   Menu, M (external author)
  •   Garcia-Moreno, R (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2011

Citation


  • Henshilwood, C. S., d'Errico, F., van Niekerk, K. L., Coquinot, Y., Jacobs, Z., Lauritzen, S., Menu, M. & Garcia-Moreno, R. (2011). A 100,000-year-old ochre-processing workshop at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Science, 334 (6053), 219-222.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-80054115942

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/scipapers/4074

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 3

Start Page


  • 219

End Page


  • 222

Volume


  • 334

Issue


  • 6053