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Impact of 27-hydroxycholesterol on amyloid-beta peptide production and ATP-binding cassette transporter expression in primary human neurons

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Cholesterol is an integral component of neuronal membranes and recent evidence has shown that it regulates amyloid-β protein precursor processing to form amyloid-β peptides, which are a major constituent of cerebral amyloid plaques associated with Alzheimer's disease. 27-Hydroxycholesterol (27OHC) is synthesized from cholesterol via sterol 27-hydroxylase (CYP27A1) in the brain and, unlike cholesterol, can cross into the brain through the blood brain barrier from the circulation. Previous studies point toward a potential role for 27OHC in the regulation of neuronal amyloid-β peptide generation, however, this has not been investigated in primary human neurons. Here we show that 27OHC significantly reduced amyloid-β peptide detected in cell culture supernatants from primary human neurons. We also show that 27OHC does not affect α-, β- or γ-secretase activity but does upregulate the liver X receptor (LXR) responsive genes ABCA1, ABCG1 and APOE. These data suggest that 27OHC-mediated reduction in extracellular amyloid-β peptide levels is potentially due to its action as an LXR ligand. © 2009 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.

Authors


  •   Scott, Kim W. (external author)
  •   Chan, S L (external author)
  •   Hill, Andrew F. (external author)
  •   Guillemin, Gilles (external author)
  •   Garner, Brett

Publication Date


  • 2009

Citation


  • Scott, K., Chan, S., Hill, A., Guillemin, G. & Garner, B. (2009). Impact of 27-hydroxycholesterol on amyloid-beta peptide production and ATP-binding cassette transporter expression in primary human neurons. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 16 (1), 121-131.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-58149384113

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1075&context=ihmri

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/ihmri/60

Number Of Pages


  • 10

Start Page


  • 121

End Page


  • 131

Volume


  • 16

Issue


  • 1

Abstract


  • Cholesterol is an integral component of neuronal membranes and recent evidence has shown that it regulates amyloid-β protein precursor processing to form amyloid-β peptides, which are a major constituent of cerebral amyloid plaques associated with Alzheimer's disease. 27-Hydroxycholesterol (27OHC) is synthesized from cholesterol via sterol 27-hydroxylase (CYP27A1) in the brain and, unlike cholesterol, can cross into the brain through the blood brain barrier from the circulation. Previous studies point toward a potential role for 27OHC in the regulation of neuronal amyloid-β peptide generation, however, this has not been investigated in primary human neurons. Here we show that 27OHC significantly reduced amyloid-β peptide detected in cell culture supernatants from primary human neurons. We also show that 27OHC does not affect α-, β- or γ-secretase activity but does upregulate the liver X receptor (LXR) responsive genes ABCA1, ABCG1 and APOE. These data suggest that 27OHC-mediated reduction in extracellular amyloid-β peptide levels is potentially due to its action as an LXR ligand. © 2009 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.

Authors


  •   Scott, Kim W. (external author)
  •   Chan, S L (external author)
  •   Hill, Andrew F. (external author)
  •   Guillemin, Gilles (external author)
  •   Garner, Brett

Publication Date


  • 2009

Citation


  • Scott, K., Chan, S., Hill, A., Guillemin, G. & Garner, B. (2009). Impact of 27-hydroxycholesterol on amyloid-beta peptide production and ATP-binding cassette transporter expression in primary human neurons. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 16 (1), 121-131.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-58149384113

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1075&context=ihmri

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/ihmri/60

Number Of Pages


  • 10

Start Page


  • 121

End Page


  • 131

Volume


  • 16

Issue


  • 1