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Predictors of oral health quality of life in HIV-1 infected patients attending routine care in Australia

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Objective: To examine predictors of oral health quality of life (OHQoL) in a human

    immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected population undergoing routine HIV care

    in the era of antiretroviral therapy.

    Method: The study was an anonymous self-administered survey of 273 patients.

    Subjects completed the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 and questionnaires on sociodemographics,

    HIV, and dental issues.Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted

    to determine the predictors of OHQoL.

    Results: The study found smoking [odds ratio (OR) = 2.44], time to last dental visit

    (OR = 2.63), denture use (OR = 2.83), and income level (OR = 0.27) were significantly

    associated with OHQoL.No HIV-related variables predicted OHQoL.

    Conclusion: Smoking, not consulting a dentist in the last year, denture use, and low

    income were identified as significant predictors which could be targeted to improve

    quality of life among people living with HIV. Preventing dental diseases may also

    reduce the risk of activation of latent HIV by oral pathogens.

Publication Date


  • 2011

Citation


  • Jeganathan, S., Batterham, M., Begley, K., Purnomo, J. & Houtzager, L. (2011). Predictors of oral health quality of life in HIV-1 infected patients attending routine care in Australia. Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 71 (3), 248-251.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-80052165780

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/hbspapers/1803

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 3

Start Page


  • 248

End Page


  • 251

Volume


  • 71

Issue


  • 3

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • Objective: To examine predictors of oral health quality of life (OHQoL) in a human

    immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected population undergoing routine HIV care

    in the era of antiretroviral therapy.

    Method: The study was an anonymous self-administered survey of 273 patients.

    Subjects completed the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 and questionnaires on sociodemographics,

    HIV, and dental issues.Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted

    to determine the predictors of OHQoL.

    Results: The study found smoking [odds ratio (OR) = 2.44], time to last dental visit

    (OR = 2.63), denture use (OR = 2.83), and income level (OR = 0.27) were significantly

    associated with OHQoL.No HIV-related variables predicted OHQoL.

    Conclusion: Smoking, not consulting a dentist in the last year, denture use, and low

    income were identified as significant predictors which could be targeted to improve

    quality of life among people living with HIV. Preventing dental diseases may also

    reduce the risk of activation of latent HIV by oral pathogens.

Publication Date


  • 2011

Citation


  • Jeganathan, S., Batterham, M., Begley, K., Purnomo, J. & Houtzager, L. (2011). Predictors of oral health quality of life in HIV-1 infected patients attending routine care in Australia. Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 71 (3), 248-251.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-80052165780

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/hbspapers/1803

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 3

Start Page


  • 248

End Page


  • 251

Volume


  • 71

Issue


  • 3

Place Of Publication


  • United States