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Proficiency deficiency: mastery of fundamental movement skills and skill components in overweight and obese children

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • The purpose of this observational study was to compare the mastery of 12

    fundamental movement skills (FMS) and skill components between a

    treatment-seeking sample of overweight/obese children and a reference

    sample from the United States. Mastery of six locomotor and six object-control

    skills (24 components in each subdomain) were video-assessed by one assessor

    using the test of gross motor development-2 (TGMD-2). The 153

    overweight/obese children (mean ± s.d. age = 8.3 ± 1.1 years, BMI z-score =

    2.78 ± 0.69, 58% girls, 77% obese) were categorized into age groups (for the

    underhand roll and strike: 7–8 years and 9–10 years; all other FMS: 6–7 years

    and 8–10 years) and mastery prevalence rates were compared with

    representative US data (N = 876) using χ

    2 analysis. For all 12 skills in all age

    groups, the prevalence of mastery was lower among overweight/obese children

    compared with the reference sample (all P < 0.05). This was consistent for 18

    locomotor and upto 21 object-control skill components (all P < 0.05).

    Differences were largest for the run, slide, hop, dribble, and kick. Specific

    movement patterns that could be targeted for improvement include positioning

    of the body and feet, the control or release of an object at an optimal position,

    and better use of the arms to maintain effective force production during the

    performance of FMS. Physical activity programs designed for overweight and

    obese children may need to address deficiencies in FMS proficiency to foster

    the movement capabilities required for participation in health-enhancing

    physical activity.

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Cliff, D. P., Okely, A. D., Morgan, P. J., Jones, R. A., Steele, J. R. & Baur, L. A. (2012). Proficiency deficiency: mastery of fundamental movement skills and skill components in overweight and obese children. Obesity, 20 (5), 1024-1033.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84860308708

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1689&context=edupapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/edupapers/375

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 9

Start Page


  • 1024

End Page


  • 1033

Volume


  • 20

Issue


  • 5

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • The purpose of this observational study was to compare the mastery of 12

    fundamental movement skills (FMS) and skill components between a

    treatment-seeking sample of overweight/obese children and a reference

    sample from the United States. Mastery of six locomotor and six object-control

    skills (24 components in each subdomain) were video-assessed by one assessor

    using the test of gross motor development-2 (TGMD-2). The 153

    overweight/obese children (mean ± s.d. age = 8.3 ± 1.1 years, BMI z-score =

    2.78 ± 0.69, 58% girls, 77% obese) were categorized into age groups (for the

    underhand roll and strike: 7–8 years and 9–10 years; all other FMS: 6–7 years

    and 8–10 years) and mastery prevalence rates were compared with

    representative US data (N = 876) using χ

    2 analysis. For all 12 skills in all age

    groups, the prevalence of mastery was lower among overweight/obese children

    compared with the reference sample (all P < 0.05). This was consistent for 18

    locomotor and upto 21 object-control skill components (all P < 0.05).

    Differences were largest for the run, slide, hop, dribble, and kick. Specific

    movement patterns that could be targeted for improvement include positioning

    of the body and feet, the control or release of an object at an optimal position,

    and better use of the arms to maintain effective force production during the

    performance of FMS. Physical activity programs designed for overweight and

    obese children may need to address deficiencies in FMS proficiency to foster

    the movement capabilities required for participation in health-enhancing

    physical activity.

Publication Date


  • 2012

Citation


  • Cliff, D. P., Okely, A. D., Morgan, P. J., Jones, R. A., Steele, J. R. & Baur, L. A. (2012). Proficiency deficiency: mastery of fundamental movement skills and skill components in overweight and obese children. Obesity, 20 (5), 1024-1033.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84860308708

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1689&context=edupapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/edupapers/375

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 9

Start Page


  • 1024

End Page


  • 1033

Volume


  • 20

Issue


  • 5

Place Of Publication


  • United States