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Australian children are not consuming enough long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids for optimal health

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Objectives: To determine children’s polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) intakes, compare these with

    adequate intake and adjusted suggested dietary targets, and determine if intakes between children

    of different body weight and physical activity levels differed.

    Methods: The necessary data files were obtained from the Australian Social Science Data Archive

    and were merged for 4486 children 2 to 16 y old, with physical activity data collected only for children 5 to 16 y old.

    Results: The median (interquartile range) PUFA intakes at 2 to 3, 4 to 8, 9 to 13, and 14 to 16 y were

    4.7 g (3.1–6.2), 6.0 g (4.4–8.1), 7.1 g (5.3–9.7), and 8.5 g (6.0–11.3), respectively, for linoleic acid;

    0.75 g (0.57–1.0), 0.91 g (0.67–1.2), 1.02 g (0.73–1.42), and 1.15 g (0.81–1.62), respectively, for

    a-linolenic acid; and 56 mg (29–104), 68 mg (37–128), 88 mg (46–159), and 98 mg (49–190),

    respectively, for long-chain (LC) u-3 PUFAs. Most children met the adequate intakes for linoleic acid and a-linolenic acid, but only 50% to 60% of children met the adequate intake for LC u-3 PUFAs. Furthermore, only 6% of children met the adjusted suggested dietary target for LC u-3 PUFA per day. Comparison of LC u-3 PUFA tertile intakes showed no differences in intakes in different weight

    categories and physical activity levels.

    Conclusion: Most Australian children are not consuming enough LC u-3 PUFAs for optimal health.

Publication Date


  • 2011

Citation


  • Meyer, B. J. & Kolanu, N. (2011). Australian children are not consuming enough long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids for optimal health. Nutrition, 27 (11-12), 1136-1140.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-80053441768

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4582&context=hbspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/hbspapers/3530

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 4

Start Page


  • 1136

End Page


  • 1140

Volume


  • 27

Issue


  • 11-12

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • Objectives: To determine children’s polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) intakes, compare these with

    adequate intake and adjusted suggested dietary targets, and determine if intakes between children

    of different body weight and physical activity levels differed.

    Methods: The necessary data files were obtained from the Australian Social Science Data Archive

    and were merged for 4486 children 2 to 16 y old, with physical activity data collected only for children 5 to 16 y old.

    Results: The median (interquartile range) PUFA intakes at 2 to 3, 4 to 8, 9 to 13, and 14 to 16 y were

    4.7 g (3.1–6.2), 6.0 g (4.4–8.1), 7.1 g (5.3–9.7), and 8.5 g (6.0–11.3), respectively, for linoleic acid;

    0.75 g (0.57–1.0), 0.91 g (0.67–1.2), 1.02 g (0.73–1.42), and 1.15 g (0.81–1.62), respectively, for

    a-linolenic acid; and 56 mg (29–104), 68 mg (37–128), 88 mg (46–159), and 98 mg (49–190),

    respectively, for long-chain (LC) u-3 PUFAs. Most children met the adequate intakes for linoleic acid and a-linolenic acid, but only 50% to 60% of children met the adequate intake for LC u-3 PUFAs. Furthermore, only 6% of children met the adjusted suggested dietary target for LC u-3 PUFA per day. Comparison of LC u-3 PUFA tertile intakes showed no differences in intakes in different weight

    categories and physical activity levels.

    Conclusion: Most Australian children are not consuming enough LC u-3 PUFAs for optimal health.

Publication Date


  • 2011

Citation


  • Meyer, B. J. & Kolanu, N. (2011). Australian children are not consuming enough long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids for optimal health. Nutrition, 27 (11-12), 1136-1140.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-80053441768

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4582&context=hbspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/hbspapers/3530

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 4

Start Page


  • 1136

End Page


  • 1140

Volume


  • 27

Issue


  • 11-12

Place Of Publication


  • United States