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Experience sampling research in individuals with mental illness: reflections and guidance

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Objective: The experience sampling method (ESM) represents a

    valuable way of assessing clinical phenomena in real world settings and

    across time. Despite its theoretical advantages, using this methodology

    in psychiatric populations is challenging. This paper acts as a guide to

    researchers wishing to employ this approach when investigating mental

    illness.

    Method: The contents represent the opinions of researchers around the

    United Kingdom and the Netherlands who are experienced at using the

    ESM.

    Results: In ESM studies, participants are required to fill in questions

    about their current thoughts, feelings and experiences when prompted

    by an electronic device (e.g. a wristwatch, PDA). Entries are typically

    made at fixed or random intervals over 6 days. This article outlines

    how to design and validate an ESM diary. We then discuss which

    sampling procedure to use and how to increase compliance through

    effective briefing and telephone sessions. Debriefing, data management

    and analytical issues are considered, before suggestions for future

    clinical uses of the ESM are made.

    Conclusion: The last decade has seen an increase in the number of

    studies employing the ESM in clinical research. Further research is

    needed to examine the optimal equipment and procedure for different

    clinical groups.

Authors


  •   Palmier-Claus, Jasper (external author)
  •   Myin-Germeys, I (external author)
  •   Barkus, Emma
  •   Bentley, L (external author)
  •   Udachina, A (external author)
  •   Delespaul, P.A.E.G. (external author)
  •   Shon Lewis, Shon (external author)
  •   Dunn, Graham (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2011

Citation


  • Palmier-Claus, J. E., Myin-Germeys, I., Barkus, E., Bentley, L., Udachina, A., Delespaul, P. A. E. G., Lewis, S. W. & Dunn, G. (2011). Experience sampling research in individuals with mental illness: reflections and guidance. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 123 (1), 12-20.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-78649999679

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/hbspapers/3477

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 8

Start Page


  • 12

End Page


  • 20

Volume


  • 123

Issue


  • 1

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • Objective: The experience sampling method (ESM) represents a

    valuable way of assessing clinical phenomena in real world settings and

    across time. Despite its theoretical advantages, using this methodology

    in psychiatric populations is challenging. This paper acts as a guide to

    researchers wishing to employ this approach when investigating mental

    illness.

    Method: The contents represent the opinions of researchers around the

    United Kingdom and the Netherlands who are experienced at using the

    ESM.

    Results: In ESM studies, participants are required to fill in questions

    about their current thoughts, feelings and experiences when prompted

    by an electronic device (e.g. a wristwatch, PDA). Entries are typically

    made at fixed or random intervals over 6 days. This article outlines

    how to design and validate an ESM diary. We then discuss which

    sampling procedure to use and how to increase compliance through

    effective briefing and telephone sessions. Debriefing, data management

    and analytical issues are considered, before suggestions for future

    clinical uses of the ESM are made.

    Conclusion: The last decade has seen an increase in the number of

    studies employing the ESM in clinical research. Further research is

    needed to examine the optimal equipment and procedure for different

    clinical groups.

Authors


  •   Palmier-Claus, Jasper (external author)
  •   Myin-Germeys, I (external author)
  •   Barkus, Emma
  •   Bentley, L (external author)
  •   Udachina, A (external author)
  •   Delespaul, P.A.E.G. (external author)
  •   Shon Lewis, Shon (external author)
  •   Dunn, Graham (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2011

Citation


  • Palmier-Claus, J. E., Myin-Germeys, I., Barkus, E., Bentley, L., Udachina, A., Delespaul, P. A. E. G., Lewis, S. W. & Dunn, G. (2011). Experience sampling research in individuals with mental illness: reflections and guidance. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 123 (1), 12-20.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-78649999679

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/hbspapers/3477

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 8

Start Page


  • 12

End Page


  • 20

Volume


  • 123

Issue


  • 1

Place Of Publication


  • United States