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Comparison of the electrochemical behaviour of buckypaper and polymer-intercalated buckypaper electrodes

Journal Article


Abstract


  • The performances of freestanding carbon nanotube (buckypaper) and polymer-intercalated buckypaper electrodes in an electroanalytical chemistry context were evaluated via analysis of direct current and Fourier Transform large-amplitude alternating current voltammograms derived from the ferrocenemonocarboxylic acid (FMCA0/+), ruthenium hexamine ([Ru(NH3)6]3+/2+) and ferricyanide ([Fe(CN)6]3-/4-) redox couples. The composite polymer-intercalated buckypaper electrodes exhibit substantially superior Faradaic-to-capacitive background charging current ratios under both dc and ac conditions compared and display close to ideal voltammetry for all three processes. A significant difference was detected in midpoint potentials determined by cyclic voltammetry at buckypaper and polymer-intercalated buckypaper electrodes, commensurate with different mass transport mechanisms. It is proposed that the porosity of the buckypaper gives rise to a restricted diffusion model of mass transport within the pores and a large electrode over that generates a large capacitance current. Thus, polymer intercalation is required to achieve high quality electroanalytical performance. Simulations of voltammograms obtained at porous polymer-intercalated buckypaper electrodes are consistent with the composite electrodes consisting of a randomly arranged array of nano-/micro-electrode domains, implying that significant surface heterogeneity is present. However, under slow scan rate conditions, when significant overlap of diffusion layers occurs, voltammograms may be approximately interpreted in terms of a linear diffusion based mass transport model.

UOW Authors


  •   Ounnunkad, Suriya (external author)
  •   Minett, Andrew I. (external author)
  •   Imisides, Mark D. (external author)
  •   Duffy, Noel W. (external author)
  •   Fleming, Barry D. (external author)
  •   Lee, Chong Yong
  •   Bond, Alan M. (external author)
  •   Wallace, Gordon

Publication Date


  • 2011

Citation


  • Ounnunkad, S., Minett, A. I., Imisides, M. D., Duffy, N. W., Fleming, B. D., Lee, C., Bond, A. M. & Wallace, G. G. (2011). Comparison of the electrochemical behaviour of buckypaper and polymer-intercalated buckypaper electrodes. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 652 (1-2), 52-59.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-79551488563

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/aiimpapers/437

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 7

Start Page


  • 52

End Page


  • 59

Volume


  • 652

Issue


  • 1-2

Abstract


  • The performances of freestanding carbon nanotube (buckypaper) and polymer-intercalated buckypaper electrodes in an electroanalytical chemistry context were evaluated via analysis of direct current and Fourier Transform large-amplitude alternating current voltammograms derived from the ferrocenemonocarboxylic acid (FMCA0/+), ruthenium hexamine ([Ru(NH3)6]3+/2+) and ferricyanide ([Fe(CN)6]3-/4-) redox couples. The composite polymer-intercalated buckypaper electrodes exhibit substantially superior Faradaic-to-capacitive background charging current ratios under both dc and ac conditions compared and display close to ideal voltammetry for all three processes. A significant difference was detected in midpoint potentials determined by cyclic voltammetry at buckypaper and polymer-intercalated buckypaper electrodes, commensurate with different mass transport mechanisms. It is proposed that the porosity of the buckypaper gives rise to a restricted diffusion model of mass transport within the pores and a large electrode over that generates a large capacitance current. Thus, polymer intercalation is required to achieve high quality electroanalytical performance. Simulations of voltammograms obtained at porous polymer-intercalated buckypaper electrodes are consistent with the composite electrodes consisting of a randomly arranged array of nano-/micro-electrode domains, implying that significant surface heterogeneity is present. However, under slow scan rate conditions, when significant overlap of diffusion layers occurs, voltammograms may be approximately interpreted in terms of a linear diffusion based mass transport model.

UOW Authors


  •   Ounnunkad, Suriya (external author)
  •   Minett, Andrew I. (external author)
  •   Imisides, Mark D. (external author)
  •   Duffy, Noel W. (external author)
  •   Fleming, Barry D. (external author)
  •   Lee, Chong Yong
  •   Bond, Alan M. (external author)
  •   Wallace, Gordon

Publication Date


  • 2011

Citation


  • Ounnunkad, S., Minett, A. I., Imisides, M. D., Duffy, N. W., Fleming, B. D., Lee, C., Bond, A. M. & Wallace, G. G. (2011). Comparison of the electrochemical behaviour of buckypaper and polymer-intercalated buckypaper electrodes. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 652 (1-2), 52-59.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-79551488563

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/aiimpapers/437

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 7

Start Page


  • 52

End Page


  • 59

Volume


  • 652

Issue


  • 1-2