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Nuts and berries for heart health

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Nuts are nutrient-dense foods with complex matrices rich in unsaturated fatty acids and other bioactive compounds, such as L-arginine, fiber, minerals, tocopherols, phytosterols, and polyphenols. By virtue of their unique composition, nuts are likely to beneficially impact heart health. Epidemiologic studies have associated nut consumption with a reduced incidence of coronary heart disease in both genders and diabetes in women. Limited evidence also suggests beneficial effects on hypertension and inflammation. Interventional studies consistently show that nut intake has a cholesterol-lowering effect and there is emerging evidence of beneficial effects on oxidative stress, inflammation, and vascular reactivity. Blood pressure, visceral adiposity, and glycemic control also appear to be positively influenced by frequent nut consumption without evidence of undue weight gain. Berries are another plant food rich in bioactive phytochemicals, particularly flavonoids, for which there is increasing evidence of benefits on cardiometabolic risk that are linked to their potent antioxidant power.

UOW Authors


  •   Ros, Emilio (external author)
  •   Tapsell, Linda
  •   Sabate, Joan (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2010

Citation


  • Ros, E., Tapsell, L. C. & Sabate, J. (2010). Nuts and berries for heart health. Current Atherosclerosis Reports, 12 (6), 397-406.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-77958167445

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/hbspapers/3439

Number Of Pages


  • 9

Start Page


  • 397

End Page


  • 406

Volume


  • 12

Issue


  • 6

Place Of Publication


  • http://www.springerlink.com/content/u91hkr7788423141/

Abstract


  • Nuts are nutrient-dense foods with complex matrices rich in unsaturated fatty acids and other bioactive compounds, such as L-arginine, fiber, minerals, tocopherols, phytosterols, and polyphenols. By virtue of their unique composition, nuts are likely to beneficially impact heart health. Epidemiologic studies have associated nut consumption with a reduced incidence of coronary heart disease in both genders and diabetes in women. Limited evidence also suggests beneficial effects on hypertension and inflammation. Interventional studies consistently show that nut intake has a cholesterol-lowering effect and there is emerging evidence of beneficial effects on oxidative stress, inflammation, and vascular reactivity. Blood pressure, visceral adiposity, and glycemic control also appear to be positively influenced by frequent nut consumption without evidence of undue weight gain. Berries are another plant food rich in bioactive phytochemicals, particularly flavonoids, for which there is increasing evidence of benefits on cardiometabolic risk that are linked to their potent antioxidant power.

UOW Authors


  •   Ros, Emilio (external author)
  •   Tapsell, Linda
  •   Sabate, Joan (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2010

Citation


  • Ros, E., Tapsell, L. C. & Sabate, J. (2010). Nuts and berries for heart health. Current Atherosclerosis Reports, 12 (6), 397-406.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-77958167445

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/hbspapers/3439

Number Of Pages


  • 9

Start Page


  • 397

End Page


  • 406

Volume


  • 12

Issue


  • 6

Place Of Publication


  • http://www.springerlink.com/content/u91hkr7788423141/