This study examines the impact of radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology on the inventory
control practices of a small-to-medium retailer using a proof of concept (PoC) approach. The exploratory
study was conducted using a single case study of a hardware retailer stocking 5000 product lines provided by 110 active suppliers. To analyze the present mode of operation, procedural documents,
semi-structured interviews and a participant observation was conducted. The basis for the proof of concept was a future mode of operation using a quasiexperimental design. Results indicate that in a small to- medium retail environment, RFID technology could act as a loss prevention mechanism, an enabler for locating misplaced stock, and make a significant contribution to the overall improvement of the delivery process.