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Stone artifacts and hominins in island Southeast Asia: New insights from Flores, eastern Indonesia

Journal Article


Abstract


  • This study reexamines the current understanding of Pleistocene stone-artifact assemblages in island Southeast Asia. A differentiation has long been made between assemblages of large-sized "core tools" and assemblages of small-sized "flake tools." "Core tool" assemblages are often argued to be the handiwork of early hominin species such as Homo erectus, while small-sized "flake tool" assemblages have been attributed to Homo sapiens. We argue that this traditional Southeast Asian perspective on stone tools assumes that the artifacts recovered from a site reflect a complete technological sequence. Our analyses of Pleistocene-age artifact assemblages from Flores, Indonesia, demonstrate that large pebble-based cores and small flake-based cores are aspects of one reduction sequence. We propose that the Flores pattern applies across island Southeast Asia: large-sized "core tool" assemblages are in fact a missing element of the small-sized flake-based reduction sequences found in many Pleistocene caves and rock-shelters. We conclude by discussing the implications of this for associating stone-artifact assemblages with hominin species in island Southeast Asia. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

UOW Authors


  •   Moore, Mark W. (external author)
  •   Brumm, Adam R.

Publication Date


  • 2007

Citation


  • Moore, M. W. & Brumm, A. (2007). Stone artifacts and hominins in island Southeast Asia: New insights from Flores, eastern Indonesia. Journal of Human Evolution, 52 (1), 85-102.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-33845510092

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 17

Start Page


  • 85

End Page


  • 102

Volume


  • 52

Issue


  • 1

Abstract


  • This study reexamines the current understanding of Pleistocene stone-artifact assemblages in island Southeast Asia. A differentiation has long been made between assemblages of large-sized "core tools" and assemblages of small-sized "flake tools." "Core tool" assemblages are often argued to be the handiwork of early hominin species such as Homo erectus, while small-sized "flake tool" assemblages have been attributed to Homo sapiens. We argue that this traditional Southeast Asian perspective on stone tools assumes that the artifacts recovered from a site reflect a complete technological sequence. Our analyses of Pleistocene-age artifact assemblages from Flores, Indonesia, demonstrate that large pebble-based cores and small flake-based cores are aspects of one reduction sequence. We propose that the Flores pattern applies across island Southeast Asia: large-sized "core tool" assemblages are in fact a missing element of the small-sized flake-based reduction sequences found in many Pleistocene caves and rock-shelters. We conclude by discussing the implications of this for associating stone-artifact assemblages with hominin species in island Southeast Asia. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

UOW Authors


  •   Moore, Mark W. (external author)
  •   Brumm, Adam R.

Publication Date


  • 2007

Citation


  • Moore, M. W. & Brumm, A. (2007). Stone artifacts and hominins in island Southeast Asia: New insights from Flores, eastern Indonesia. Journal of Human Evolution, 52 (1), 85-102.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-33845510092

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 17

Start Page


  • 85

End Page


  • 102

Volume


  • 52

Issue


  • 1