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Childhood EEG coherence as a predictor of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) is a common

    psychiatric disorder of childhood that continues to affect many

    people as adults. At present it is not possible to determine in

    childhood who will have the disorder as an adult. The aim of

    this study was to determine whether EEG coherence differences

    exist between children who outgrow the disorder and

    those who continue to be symptomatic as adults.

    Pre-treatment EEGs were recorded during an eyes-closed resting

    condition from 38 boys diagnosed with AD/HD and 38 agematched

    control subjects. Coherence was calculated for 8 intrahemispheric

    electrode pairs (4 in each hemisphere), and 8 in -

    terhemispheric electrode pairs, within each of the delta, theta,

    alpha and beta bands. A second assessment was performed on

    the AD/HD subjects 11 years after the initial assessment to

    determine whether subjects met criteria for adult AD/HD.

    Across the entire AD/HD sample, increased frontal delta and

    theta coherences were found compared with controls. Both

    inter hemispheric and intrahemispheric coherence differences

    were found in the delta and theta bands between those who

    outgrew the disorder and these who continued to have AD/HD

    as adults.

    Increased frontal delta and theta coherences appear to be the

    most reliable coherence markers of childhood AD/HD. Children

    who later outgrow the disorder have coherence anomalies different

    from those who continue to have AD/HD as adults. These

    results suggest that coherence measures might serve as

    a mar ker that can be used clinically in childhood to predict adult

    AD/HD.

Authors


  •   Clarke, Adam R.
  •   Barry, Robert J.
  •   Mackie, Franca E. (external author)
  •   McCarthy, Rory (external author)
  •   Selikowitz, Mark (external author)
  •   Heaven, Patrick C. L. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2009

Citation


  • Clarke, A. R.., Barry, R. J.., Dupuy, F. E.., McCarthy, R., Selikowitz, M. & Heaven, P. C. L.. (2009). Childhood EEG coherence as a predictor of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Acta Neuropsychologica, 7 (3), 182-192.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-79955426920

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/hbspapers/3378

Number Of Pages


  • 10

Start Page


  • 182

End Page


  • 192

Volume


  • 7

Issue


  • 3

Place Of Publication


  • http://www.actaneuropsychologica.com/

Abstract


  • Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) is a common

    psychiatric disorder of childhood that continues to affect many

    people as adults. At present it is not possible to determine in

    childhood who will have the disorder as an adult. The aim of

    this study was to determine whether EEG coherence differences

    exist between children who outgrow the disorder and

    those who continue to be symptomatic as adults.

    Pre-treatment EEGs were recorded during an eyes-closed resting

    condition from 38 boys diagnosed with AD/HD and 38 agematched

    control subjects. Coherence was calculated for 8 intrahemispheric

    electrode pairs (4 in each hemisphere), and 8 in -

    terhemispheric electrode pairs, within each of the delta, theta,

    alpha and beta bands. A second assessment was performed on

    the AD/HD subjects 11 years after the initial assessment to

    determine whether subjects met criteria for adult AD/HD.

    Across the entire AD/HD sample, increased frontal delta and

    theta coherences were found compared with controls. Both

    inter hemispheric and intrahemispheric coherence differences

    were found in the delta and theta bands between those who

    outgrew the disorder and these who continued to have AD/HD

    as adults.

    Increased frontal delta and theta coherences appear to be the

    most reliable coherence markers of childhood AD/HD. Children

    who later outgrow the disorder have coherence anomalies different

    from those who continue to have AD/HD as adults. These

    results suggest that coherence measures might serve as

    a mar ker that can be used clinically in childhood to predict adult

    AD/HD.

Authors


  •   Clarke, Adam R.
  •   Barry, Robert J.
  •   Mackie, Franca E. (external author)
  •   McCarthy, Rory (external author)
  •   Selikowitz, Mark (external author)
  •   Heaven, Patrick C. L. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2009

Citation


  • Clarke, A. R.., Barry, R. J.., Dupuy, F. E.., McCarthy, R., Selikowitz, M. & Heaven, P. C. L.. (2009). Childhood EEG coherence as a predictor of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Acta Neuropsychologica, 7 (3), 182-192.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-79955426920

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/hbspapers/3378

Number Of Pages


  • 10

Start Page


  • 182

End Page


  • 192

Volume


  • 7

Issue


  • 3

Place Of Publication


  • http://www.actaneuropsychologica.com/