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Preschool children and physical activity: a review of correlates

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Background: Several reviews have summarized the research on correlates of older children’s and

    adolescents’ physical activity behaviors, but none have been published on preschool

    children. Over the past 27 years, a number of studies have investigated the correlates of

    preschool children’s physical activity behaviors. It is timely and necessary to review the

    extant literature in this area. This paper reviews articles investigating correlates of

    preschool children’s physical activity behaviors published in peer-reviewed journals between

    1980 and March 2007.

    Methods: A literature search was conducted to identify studies that investigated correlates of

    preschool children’s physical activity. Data were collected and analyzed in 2007.

    Results: Twenty-four articles were identified that met the inclusion criteria. From those articles, 39

    variables were identified across five domains. Results showed that boys were more active

    than girls, that children with active parents tended to be more active, and that children who

    spent more time outdoors were more active than children who spent less time outdoors.

    Age and BMI were consistently shown to have no association with preschool children’s

    physical activity. Other variables produced largely inconclusive results.

    Conclusions: The influences on the physical activity behaviors of preschool children are multidimensional.

    Further research is required to enhance an understanding of these influences.

    (Am J Prev Med 2008;34(5):435–441)

Authors


  •   Hinkley, Trina (external author)
  •   Crawford, David (external author)
  •   Salmon, Jo (external author)
  •   Okely, Anthony D.
  •   Hesketh, Kylie (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2008

Citation


  • Hinkley, T., Crawford, D., Salmon, J., Okely, A. D. & Hesketh, K. (2008). Preschool children and physical activity: a review of correlates. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 34 (5), 435-441.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-41749117742

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/edupapers/485

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 6

Start Page


  • 435

End Page


  • 441

Volume


  • 34

Issue


  • 5

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • Background: Several reviews have summarized the research on correlates of older children’s and

    adolescents’ physical activity behaviors, but none have been published on preschool

    children. Over the past 27 years, a number of studies have investigated the correlates of

    preschool children’s physical activity behaviors. It is timely and necessary to review the

    extant literature in this area. This paper reviews articles investigating correlates of

    preschool children’s physical activity behaviors published in peer-reviewed journals between

    1980 and March 2007.

    Methods: A literature search was conducted to identify studies that investigated correlates of

    preschool children’s physical activity. Data were collected and analyzed in 2007.

    Results: Twenty-four articles were identified that met the inclusion criteria. From those articles, 39

    variables were identified across five domains. Results showed that boys were more active

    than girls, that children with active parents tended to be more active, and that children who

    spent more time outdoors were more active than children who spent less time outdoors.

    Age and BMI were consistently shown to have no association with preschool children’s

    physical activity. Other variables produced largely inconclusive results.

    Conclusions: The influences on the physical activity behaviors of preschool children are multidimensional.

    Further research is required to enhance an understanding of these influences.

    (Am J Prev Med 2008;34(5):435–441)

Authors


  •   Hinkley, Trina (external author)
  •   Crawford, David (external author)
  •   Salmon, Jo (external author)
  •   Okely, Anthony D.
  •   Hesketh, Kylie (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2008

Citation


  • Hinkley, T., Crawford, D., Salmon, J., Okely, A. D. & Hesketh, K. (2008). Preschool children and physical activity: a review of correlates. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 34 (5), 435-441.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-41749117742

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/edupapers/485

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 6

Start Page


  • 435

End Page


  • 441

Volume


  • 34

Issue


  • 5

Place Of Publication


  • United States