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Effects of scenery, lighting, glideslope and experience on timing the landing flare

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • This study examined 3 visual strategies for timing the initiation of the landing flare based on perceptions of either: (i) a critical height above ground level; (ii) a critical runway width angle (Y); or (iii) a critical time-to-contact (TTC) with the runway. Visual displays simulated landing approaches with trial-to-trial variations in glideslope, lighting, and scene detail. Twenty-four participants (8 private pilots, 8 student pilots and 8 non-pilots) were instructed to initiate the flare when they perceived that their TTC with the runway (30 m wide by 840 m long) had reached a critical value of 2 seconds. Our results demonstrated a significant effect of flight experience on flare timing accuracy and dominance of the height-based strategy over the runway-width-angle and TTC-based strategies.

Publication Date


  • 2008

Citation


  • Palmisano, S. A., Favelle, S. K. & Sachtler, B. (2008). Effects of scenery, lighting, glideslope and experience on timing the landing flare. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 14 (3), 236-246.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-54949120217

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2708&context=hbspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/hbspapers/1655

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 10

Start Page


  • 236

End Page


  • 246

Volume


  • 14

Issue


  • 3

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • This study examined 3 visual strategies for timing the initiation of the landing flare based on perceptions of either: (i) a critical height above ground level; (ii) a critical runway width angle (Y); or (iii) a critical time-to-contact (TTC) with the runway. Visual displays simulated landing approaches with trial-to-trial variations in glideslope, lighting, and scene detail. Twenty-four participants (8 private pilots, 8 student pilots and 8 non-pilots) were instructed to initiate the flare when they perceived that their TTC with the runway (30 m wide by 840 m long) had reached a critical value of 2 seconds. Our results demonstrated a significant effect of flight experience on flare timing accuracy and dominance of the height-based strategy over the runway-width-angle and TTC-based strategies.

Publication Date


  • 2008

Citation


  • Palmisano, S. A., Favelle, S. K. & Sachtler, B. (2008). Effects of scenery, lighting, glideslope and experience on timing the landing flare. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 14 (3), 236-246.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-54949120217

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2708&context=hbspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/hbspapers/1655

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 10

Start Page


  • 236

End Page


  • 246

Volume


  • 14

Issue


  • 3

Place Of Publication


  • United States