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Quartz crystal microbalance study of volume changes and modulus shift in electrochemically switched polypyrrole

Journal Article


Abstract


  • The performance of conducting polymers as actuators is determined by a complicated series of molecular processes that occur as a result of oxidation and reduction of the polymer. In particular, the amount of actuation strain generated for a given voltage stimulus is determined by the number and type of ions (and solvent) that enter and leave the polymer and changes in the mechanical properties (particularly elastic modulus) of the polymer. In this paper, we present the effects of cyclic voltammetry on the shear modulus and volume of polypyrrole in two different electrolytes: propylene carbonate and an ionic liquid. An electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance has been used to study simultaneous volume and modulus changes occurring during redox cycling of polypyrrole. The results demonstrate that the modulus generally increases due to oxidation of the polymer, although initial oxidation from the fully reduced state first produces a decrease in modulus followed by a larger increase. The modulus shift and volume changes were smaller in the ionic liquid electrolyte, probably because of the absence of solvent. Comparison of the results obtained in the two electrolytes suggest that interchain interactions dominate in the determination of modulus, so that modulus is higher in the oxidised state even when the polymer is swollen with counterions and solvent.

UOW Authors


  •   Bahrami Samani, Mehrdad (external author)
  •   Cook, Christopher
  •   Madden, John D. W. (external author)
  •   Spinks, Geoff M.
  •   Whitten, Philip G. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2008

Citation


  • Bahrami-Samani, M., Cook, C. David., Madden, J. D., Spinks, G. Maxwell. & Whitten, P. G. 2008, 'Quartz crystal microbalance study of volume changes and modulus shift in electrochemically switched polypyrrole', Thin Solid Films, vol. 516, no. 9, pp. 2800-2807.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-39449139058

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/engpapers/4342

Number Of Pages


  • 7

Start Page


  • 2800

End Page


  • 2807

Volume


  • 516

Issue


  • 9

Abstract


  • The performance of conducting polymers as actuators is determined by a complicated series of molecular processes that occur as a result of oxidation and reduction of the polymer. In particular, the amount of actuation strain generated for a given voltage stimulus is determined by the number and type of ions (and solvent) that enter and leave the polymer and changes in the mechanical properties (particularly elastic modulus) of the polymer. In this paper, we present the effects of cyclic voltammetry on the shear modulus and volume of polypyrrole in two different electrolytes: propylene carbonate and an ionic liquid. An electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance has been used to study simultaneous volume and modulus changes occurring during redox cycling of polypyrrole. The results demonstrate that the modulus generally increases due to oxidation of the polymer, although initial oxidation from the fully reduced state first produces a decrease in modulus followed by a larger increase. The modulus shift and volume changes were smaller in the ionic liquid electrolyte, probably because of the absence of solvent. Comparison of the results obtained in the two electrolytes suggest that interchain interactions dominate in the determination of modulus, so that modulus is higher in the oxidised state even when the polymer is swollen with counterions and solvent.

UOW Authors


  •   Bahrami Samani, Mehrdad (external author)
  •   Cook, Christopher
  •   Madden, John D. W. (external author)
  •   Spinks, Geoff M.
  •   Whitten, Philip G. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2008

Citation


  • Bahrami-Samani, M., Cook, C. David., Madden, J. D., Spinks, G. Maxwell. & Whitten, P. G. 2008, 'Quartz crystal microbalance study of volume changes and modulus shift in electrochemically switched polypyrrole', Thin Solid Films, vol. 516, no. 9, pp. 2800-2807.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-39449139058

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/engpapers/4342

Number Of Pages


  • 7

Start Page


  • 2800

End Page


  • 2807

Volume


  • 516

Issue


  • 9