Skip to main content
placeholder image

'If only...': counterfactual thinking heightens women's sense of responsibility regarding mammography screening

Conference Paper


Download full-text (Open Access)

Abstract


  • The present study tested the prediction that counterfactual thinking (thoughts of if only&) provides a vivid means for women to imagine what

    could have been done differently in hypothetical breast cancer scenarios for the protagonist to avoid their predicament.This should then encourage them

    to adopt a more preventative approach to and take greater personal responsibility toward their own breast health.Women aged 50 and older (N=181) read either a standard pamphlet on mammography rescreening or one containing counterfactually framed scenarios.The latter depicted fictitious

    women whose failure to have routine mammograms contributed to their diagnosis with advance-stage breast cancer.The counterfactual group subsequently indicated greater feelings of personal responsibility

    for having mammograms at the recommended interval than the standard group, even when perceived effectiveness of early detection and

    treatment were statistically controlled for. Our data suggest that messages utilising counterfactual thinking may be useful in augmenting the

    mammography rescreening rate in Australia.

UOW Authors


  •   Chan, Amy
  •   Jones, Sandra C. (external author)
  •   Rich, Karen T. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2007

Citation


  • Chan, A. Y., Jones, S. C. & Rich, K. T. (2007). ''If only...'': counterfactual thinking heightens women''s sense of responsibility regarding mammography screening. In K. H. Moore (Eds.), Australian Psychological Society Annual Conference (pp. 72-76). Melbourne, VIC: Australian Psychological Society Ltd.

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2974&context=hbspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/hbspapers/1921

Start Page


  • 72

End Page


  • 76

Place Of Publication


  • www.apsconference.com.au

Abstract


  • The present study tested the prediction that counterfactual thinking (thoughts of if only&) provides a vivid means for women to imagine what

    could have been done differently in hypothetical breast cancer scenarios for the protagonist to avoid their predicament.This should then encourage them

    to adopt a more preventative approach to and take greater personal responsibility toward their own breast health.Women aged 50 and older (N=181) read either a standard pamphlet on mammography rescreening or one containing counterfactually framed scenarios.The latter depicted fictitious

    women whose failure to have routine mammograms contributed to their diagnosis with advance-stage breast cancer.The counterfactual group subsequently indicated greater feelings of personal responsibility

    for having mammograms at the recommended interval than the standard group, even when perceived effectiveness of early detection and

    treatment were statistically controlled for. Our data suggest that messages utilising counterfactual thinking may be useful in augmenting the

    mammography rescreening rate in Australia.

UOW Authors


  •   Chan, Amy
  •   Jones, Sandra C. (external author)
  •   Rich, Karen T. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2007

Citation


  • Chan, A. Y., Jones, S. C. & Rich, K. T. (2007). ''If only...'': counterfactual thinking heightens women''s sense of responsibility regarding mammography screening. In K. H. Moore (Eds.), Australian Psychological Society Annual Conference (pp. 72-76). Melbourne, VIC: Australian Psychological Society Ltd.

Ro Full-text Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2974&context=hbspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/hbspapers/1921

Start Page


  • 72

End Page


  • 76

Place Of Publication


  • www.apsconference.com.au