This paper presents the preliminary experiences of implementing a participatory catch monitoring programme in Vanuatu. The
monitoring programme utilises a mixed-methods approach, involving photo identification combined with qualitative and quantitative
surveys. It was designed to be efficient, inclusive, and implementable with domestic resources and capacity. It puts local participation
front and centre to strengthen and foster people’s engagement in fisheries management. As such, the programme attaches itself
to larger sets of ongoing activities under community-based fisheries management practices. Although preliminary, the findings of the
first round of data collection reveal highly diverse catches and new fishing techniques, and have facilitated community discussions
wherein previous anecdotal evidence of management impact were both supported and challenged.