Australian scientists are world leaders in developing robust
palaeo‑environmental reconstructions from coral archives, relevant for
understanding Australian climate extremes. The key issues for advancing this
field are the need for high-resolution marine paleoclimate records to place
the present in the context of past natural climate and sea level change, and to
understand the impact of those changes on marine ecosystems. We call for
sustained investment in paleoclimate science, infrastructure, and personnel to
advance these critical areas of research.