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Flour for Home Baking: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Supermarket Products Emphasising the Whole Grain Opportunity

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Flour, typically derived from wheat, rye, corn and rice is a pantry staple, providing structure to bread and baked goods. This study aimed to provide a cross-sectional analysis of flour for home baking, highlighting the nutrition composition of whole grain flour and identifying novel categories. An audit was undertaken in February 2020, in four major supermarkets in metropolitan Sydney (Aldi, Coles, IGA and Woolworths). Ingredient lists, Nutrition Information Panel, claims, and country of origin were collected. The median and range were calculated for energy, protein, fat, saturated fat, carbohydrate, sugars, dietary fibre and sodium. Overall, 130 products were collected, including 26 plain flour, 12 self-raising, 17 plain wholemeal, 4 wholemeal self-raising, 20 bread-making mixes (4 were whole grain), 20 other refined grain (including corn and rice flour), 17 gluten-free, 3 legume, 4 fruit/vegetable, 4 coconut and 3 other non-grain (e.g., hemp seed, cricket flour) products. Plain wheat flour dominated the category, while whole grain (wholemeal) made up 19% of products, yet they contained significantly more dietary fibre (p < 0.001) and protein (p < 0.001). Self-raising flours were significantly higher in sodium (p < 0.001) and gluten-free products were lower in protein and dietary fibre, making legume, buckwheat and quinoa flour a better choice. Sustainability principles in fruit and vegetable production and novel insect products have driven new product development. There is a clear opportunity for further on-pack promotion of whole grain and dietary fibre within the category via food product labelling.

UOW Authors


  •   Hughes, Jaimee (external author)
  •   Vaiciurgis, Verena (external author)
  •   Grafenauer, Sara

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Hughes, J., Vaiciurgis, V. & Grafenauer, S. (2020). Flour for Home Baking: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Supermarket Products Emphasising the Whole Grain Opportunity. Nutrients, 12 (7), 2058-1-2058-14.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85088047082

Ro Full-text Url


  • https://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2534&context=smhpapers1

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers1/1500

Start Page


  • 2058-1

End Page


  • 2058-14

Volume


  • 12

Issue


  • 7

Place Of Publication


  • Switzerland

Abstract


  • Flour, typically derived from wheat, rye, corn and rice is a pantry staple, providing structure to bread and baked goods. This study aimed to provide a cross-sectional analysis of flour for home baking, highlighting the nutrition composition of whole grain flour and identifying novel categories. An audit was undertaken in February 2020, in four major supermarkets in metropolitan Sydney (Aldi, Coles, IGA and Woolworths). Ingredient lists, Nutrition Information Panel, claims, and country of origin were collected. The median and range were calculated for energy, protein, fat, saturated fat, carbohydrate, sugars, dietary fibre and sodium. Overall, 130 products were collected, including 26 plain flour, 12 self-raising, 17 plain wholemeal, 4 wholemeal self-raising, 20 bread-making mixes (4 were whole grain), 20 other refined grain (including corn and rice flour), 17 gluten-free, 3 legume, 4 fruit/vegetable, 4 coconut and 3 other non-grain (e.g., hemp seed, cricket flour) products. Plain wheat flour dominated the category, while whole grain (wholemeal) made up 19% of products, yet they contained significantly more dietary fibre (p < 0.001) and protein (p < 0.001). Self-raising flours were significantly higher in sodium (p < 0.001) and gluten-free products were lower in protein and dietary fibre, making legume, buckwheat and quinoa flour a better choice. Sustainability principles in fruit and vegetable production and novel insect products have driven new product development. There is a clear opportunity for further on-pack promotion of whole grain and dietary fibre within the category via food product labelling.

UOW Authors


  •   Hughes, Jaimee (external author)
  •   Vaiciurgis, Verena (external author)
  •   Grafenauer, Sara

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Hughes, J., Vaiciurgis, V. & Grafenauer, S. (2020). Flour for Home Baking: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Supermarket Products Emphasising the Whole Grain Opportunity. Nutrients, 12 (7), 2058-1-2058-14.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85088047082

Ro Full-text Url


  • https://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2534&context=smhpapers1

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers1/1500

Start Page


  • 2058-1

End Page


  • 2058-14

Volume


  • 12

Issue


  • 7

Place Of Publication


  • Switzerland