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Curdlan Prevents the Cognitive Deficits Induced by a High-Fat Diet in Mice via the Gut-Brain Axis

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • A high-fat (HF) diet is a major predisposing factor of neuroinflammation and cognitive deficits. Recently, changes in the gut microbiota have been associated with neuroinflammation and cognitive impairment, through the gut-brain axis. Curdlan, a bacterial polysaccharide widely used as food additive, has the potential to alter the composition of the microbiota and improve the gut-brain axis. However, the effects of curdlan against HF diet-induced neuroinflammation and cognitive decline have not been investigated. We aimed to evaluate the neuroprotective effect and mechanism of dietary curdlan supplementation against the obesity-associated cognitive decline observed in mice fed a HF diet. C57Bl/6J male mice were fed with either a control, HF, or HF with curdlan supplementation diets for 7 days (acute) or 15 weeks (chronic). We found that acute curdlan supplementation prevented the gut microbial composition shift induced by HF diet. Chronic curdlan supplementation prevented cognitive declines induced by HF diet. In addition, curdlan protected against the HF diet-induced abnormities in colonic permeability, hyperendotoxemia, and colonic inflammation. Furthermore, in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus, curdlan mitigated microgliosis, neuroinflammation, and synaptic impairments induced by a HF diet. Thus, curdlan—as a food additive and prebiotic—can prevent cognitive deficits induced by HF diet via the colon-brain axis.

UOW Authors


  •   Yang, Xiaoying (external author)
  •   Zheng, Mingxuan (external author)
  •   Hao, Shanshan (external author)
  •   Shi, Hongli (external author)
  •   Lin, Danhong (external author)
  •   Chen, Xi (external author)
  •   Becvarovski, Alec (external author)
  •   Pan, Wei (external author)
  •   Zhang, Peng (external author)
  •   Hu, Minmin (external author)
  •   Huang, Xu-Feng
  •   Zheng, Kuiyang (external author)
  •   Yu, Yinghua

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Yang, X., Zheng, M., Hao, S., Shi, H., Lin, D., Chen, X., Becvarovski, A., Pan, W., Zhang, P., Hu, M., Huang, X., Zheng, K. & Yu, Y. (2020). Curdlan Prevents the Cognitive Deficits Induced by a High-Fat Diet in Mice via the Gut-Brain Axis. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 14 384-1-384-14.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85085486285

Ro Full-text Url


  • https://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2476&context=smhpapers1

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers1/1442

Start Page


  • 384-1

End Page


  • 384-14

Volume


  • 14

Place Of Publication


  • Switzerland

Abstract


  • A high-fat (HF) diet is a major predisposing factor of neuroinflammation and cognitive deficits. Recently, changes in the gut microbiota have been associated with neuroinflammation and cognitive impairment, through the gut-brain axis. Curdlan, a bacterial polysaccharide widely used as food additive, has the potential to alter the composition of the microbiota and improve the gut-brain axis. However, the effects of curdlan against HF diet-induced neuroinflammation and cognitive decline have not been investigated. We aimed to evaluate the neuroprotective effect and mechanism of dietary curdlan supplementation against the obesity-associated cognitive decline observed in mice fed a HF diet. C57Bl/6J male mice were fed with either a control, HF, or HF with curdlan supplementation diets for 7 days (acute) or 15 weeks (chronic). We found that acute curdlan supplementation prevented the gut microbial composition shift induced by HF diet. Chronic curdlan supplementation prevented cognitive declines induced by HF diet. In addition, curdlan protected against the HF diet-induced abnormities in colonic permeability, hyperendotoxemia, and colonic inflammation. Furthermore, in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus, curdlan mitigated microgliosis, neuroinflammation, and synaptic impairments induced by a HF diet. Thus, curdlan—as a food additive and prebiotic—can prevent cognitive deficits induced by HF diet via the colon-brain axis.

UOW Authors


  •   Yang, Xiaoying (external author)
  •   Zheng, Mingxuan (external author)
  •   Hao, Shanshan (external author)
  •   Shi, Hongli (external author)
  •   Lin, Danhong (external author)
  •   Chen, Xi (external author)
  •   Becvarovski, Alec (external author)
  •   Pan, Wei (external author)
  •   Zhang, Peng (external author)
  •   Hu, Minmin (external author)
  •   Huang, Xu-Feng
  •   Zheng, Kuiyang (external author)
  •   Yu, Yinghua

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Yang, X., Zheng, M., Hao, S., Shi, H., Lin, D., Chen, X., Becvarovski, A., Pan, W., Zhang, P., Hu, M., Huang, X., Zheng, K. & Yu, Y. (2020). Curdlan Prevents the Cognitive Deficits Induced by a High-Fat Diet in Mice via the Gut-Brain Axis. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 14 384-1-384-14.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85085486285

Ro Full-text Url


  • https://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2476&context=smhpapers1

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers1/1442

Start Page


  • 384-1

End Page


  • 384-14

Volume


  • 14

Place Of Publication


  • Switzerland