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High Variability in Erythrocyte, Plasma and Whole Blood EPA and DHA Levels in Response to Supplementation

Journal Article


Abstract


  • (1) Aim: the aim of this secondary analysis was to report the variability in response to n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) supplementation in erythrocytes, plasma and whole blood of a previously published dose response study. (2) Methods: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of parallel design was conducted, whereby pre-menopausal women were randomly assigned to consume 0, 0.35, 0.7 or 1 g/day of supplemental eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) plus docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Fasted blood samples were taken at baseline and after eight weeks intervention. Erythrocyte, plasma and whole blood fatty acids were extracted using the method of Lepage and Roy and analysed using gas chromatography. (3) Results: There were significant increases in EPA plus DHA levels in the 0.7 g and 1 g dose groups, with the highest increase with the 1 g dose notably: in erythrocytes (from 5.69% to 7.59%), plasma (from 2.94% to 5.48%) and in whole blood (from 3.81% to 6.03%). There was high variability in response to the supplement in erythrocytes, plasma and whole blood across the different doses. (4) Conclusion: there is high individual variability in n-3 LCPUFA levels in response to n-3 LCPUFA supplementation, which should be taken into account in clinical trials using n-3 LCPUFA supplements.

Authors


  •   Sparkes, Cassandra (external author)
  •   Prof Andrew J Sinclair, Andrew J (external author)
  •   Gibson, Robert A. (external author)
  •   Else, Paul
  •   Meyer, Barbara J.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Sparkes, C., Sinclair, A., Gibson, R., Else, P. & Meyer, B. (2020). High Variability in Erythrocyte, Plasma and Whole Blood EPA and DHA Levels in Response to Supplementation. Nutrients, 12 (4),

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85083284057

Volume


  • 12

Issue


  • 4

Place Of Publication


  • Switzerland

Abstract


  • (1) Aim: the aim of this secondary analysis was to report the variability in response to n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) supplementation in erythrocytes, plasma and whole blood of a previously published dose response study. (2) Methods: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of parallel design was conducted, whereby pre-menopausal women were randomly assigned to consume 0, 0.35, 0.7 or 1 g/day of supplemental eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) plus docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Fasted blood samples were taken at baseline and after eight weeks intervention. Erythrocyte, plasma and whole blood fatty acids were extracted using the method of Lepage and Roy and analysed using gas chromatography. (3) Results: There were significant increases in EPA plus DHA levels in the 0.7 g and 1 g dose groups, with the highest increase with the 1 g dose notably: in erythrocytes (from 5.69% to 7.59%), plasma (from 2.94% to 5.48%) and in whole blood (from 3.81% to 6.03%). There was high variability in response to the supplement in erythrocytes, plasma and whole blood across the different doses. (4) Conclusion: there is high individual variability in n-3 LCPUFA levels in response to n-3 LCPUFA supplementation, which should be taken into account in clinical trials using n-3 LCPUFA supplements.

Authors


  •   Sparkes, Cassandra (external author)
  •   Prof Andrew J Sinclair, Andrew J (external author)
  •   Gibson, Robert A. (external author)
  •   Else, Paul
  •   Meyer, Barbara J.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Sparkes, C., Sinclair, A., Gibson, R., Else, P. & Meyer, B. (2020). High Variability in Erythrocyte, Plasma and Whole Blood EPA and DHA Levels in Response to Supplementation. Nutrients, 12 (4),

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85083284057

Volume


  • 12

Issue


  • 4

Place Of Publication


  • Switzerland