© 2020 The Authors Cognitive impairment is one of the core symptoms of schizophrenia, and patients with schizophrenia are at increased risk of metabolic syndrome (MS). However, the role of MS in cognitive impairment of schizophrenia is not established. This study investigated the correlation between neurocognitive, social cognitive performance and MS with schizophrenia. One hundred and fifty eight (158) schizophrenia patients were divided into 3 groups with ① normal metabolism, ② metabolic disorder (only meeting 1 or 2 MS criteria), and ③ metabolic syndrome (meeting 3 or more MS criteria). MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery)MCCB(and the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale)BPRS(were used to evaluate cognitive performance and clinical symptoms. Blood samples were obtained to detect glucose and lipid metabolic levels. Overall MCCB and subscale T scores in the normal metabolism and metabolic disorder groups were better than in the MS group. After controlling for the confounding factors including age, sex, the usage of hypolipidemic and hypoglycemic drugs, and disease duration, metabolic deficits had effects on the symbol coding and spatial span scores. The results suggest that a defective metabolic state might play a role in neurocognitive performance of schizophrenia patients.