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Quantitative skin exposure assessment of metals: a systematic literature review of current approaches for risk assessment using the construction industry as an exposure scenario

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Purpose This article summarises a systematic literature review of skin exposure assessment methods and concepts for deriving skin (dermal) exposure limits for metals, using the construction industry, where there is a high prevalence of occupational

    skin exposures as a test environment.

    Methods A systematic literature review was undertaken across ten databases key to Occupational Health and Safety. Articles

    were considered for inclusion if they evaluated skin or surface exposure to metals or discussed the feasibility of establishing

    skin or surface exposure limits in an occupational setting. Only full text, peer-reviewed articles were retrieved. All publications up to 30/06/2019 were considered. The quality of evidence was evaluated based on methodology.

    Results A total of 71 studies were selected for inclusion in the review with 49 on skin exposure assessment methods for

    metals and 22 relating to the derivation of skin exposure limits. The use of wipe sampling methodologies was shown to be

    standardised and efective for sampling skin exposures to metals. In contrast, there was no scientifc consensus on the concept

    of quantitative skin exposure limits.

    Conclusion There was greater strength of evidence that wipe methods for the measurement of metals would work well. A

    research gap with respect to the development of health-based skin exposure limits for metals was identifed. Frameworks

    currently proposed for devising quantitative skin exposure limits are provided. These approaches could be adapted to improve

    the risk assessment of skin exposures to surface metal contaminants.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Naylor, C., Davies, B. & Gopaldasani, V. (2020). Quantitative skin exposure assessment of metals: a systematic literature review of current approaches for risk assessment using the construction industry as an exposure scenario. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1-15.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85081953822

Number Of Pages


  • 14

Start Page


  • 1

End Page


  • 15

Place Of Publication


  • Germany

Abstract


  • Purpose This article summarises a systematic literature review of skin exposure assessment methods and concepts for deriving skin (dermal) exposure limits for metals, using the construction industry, where there is a high prevalence of occupational

    skin exposures as a test environment.

    Methods A systematic literature review was undertaken across ten databases key to Occupational Health and Safety. Articles

    were considered for inclusion if they evaluated skin or surface exposure to metals or discussed the feasibility of establishing

    skin or surface exposure limits in an occupational setting. Only full text, peer-reviewed articles were retrieved. All publications up to 30/06/2019 were considered. The quality of evidence was evaluated based on methodology.

    Results A total of 71 studies were selected for inclusion in the review with 49 on skin exposure assessment methods for

    metals and 22 relating to the derivation of skin exposure limits. The use of wipe sampling methodologies was shown to be

    standardised and efective for sampling skin exposures to metals. In contrast, there was no scientifc consensus on the concept

    of quantitative skin exposure limits.

    Conclusion There was greater strength of evidence that wipe methods for the measurement of metals would work well. A

    research gap with respect to the development of health-based skin exposure limits for metals was identifed. Frameworks

    currently proposed for devising quantitative skin exposure limits are provided. These approaches could be adapted to improve

    the risk assessment of skin exposures to surface metal contaminants.

Publication Date


  • 2020

Citation


  • Naylor, C., Davies, B. & Gopaldasani, V. (2020). Quantitative skin exposure assessment of metals: a systematic literature review of current approaches for risk assessment using the construction industry as an exposure scenario. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1-15.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85081953822

Number Of Pages


  • 14

Start Page


  • 1

End Page


  • 15

Place Of Publication


  • Germany