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Nanoengineering Carbon Spheres as Nanoreactors for Sustainable Energy Applications

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Colloidal carbon sphere nanoreactors have been explored extensively as

    a class of versatile materials for various applications in energy storage,

    electrochemical conversion, and catalysis, due to their unique properties

    such as excellent electrical conductivity, high specific surface area, controlled

    porosity and permeability, and surface functionality. Here, the latest updated

    research on colloidal carbon sphere nanoreactor, in terms of both their

    synthesis and applications, is summarized. Various synthetic strategies are

    first discussed, including the hard template method, the soft template method,

    hydrothermal carbonization, the microemulsion polymerization method, and

    extension of the Stöber method. Then, the functionalization of colloidal carbon

    sphere nanoreactors, including the nanoengineering of compositions and

    the surface features, is discussed. Afterward, recent progress in the major

    applications of colloidal carbon sphere nanoreactors, in the areas of energy

    storage, electrochemical conversion, and catalysis, is presented. Finally, the

    perspectives and challenges for future developments are discussed in terms

    of controlled synthesis and functionalization of the colloidal carbon sphere

    nanoreactors with tunable structure, and the composition and properties that

    are desirable for practical applications.

Authors


  •   Tian, Hao (external author)
  •   Liang, Ji
  •   Liu, Jian (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2019

Citation


  • Tian, H., Liang, J. & Liu, J. (2019). Nanoengineering Carbon Spheres as Nanoreactors for Sustainable Energy Applications. Advanced Materials, Online First 1903886-1-1903886-30.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85074415161

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/aiimpapers/3923

Start Page


  • 1903886-1

End Page


  • 1903886-30

Volume


  • Online First

Place Of Publication


  • Germany

Abstract


  • Colloidal carbon sphere nanoreactors have been explored extensively as

    a class of versatile materials for various applications in energy storage,

    electrochemical conversion, and catalysis, due to their unique properties

    such as excellent electrical conductivity, high specific surface area, controlled

    porosity and permeability, and surface functionality. Here, the latest updated

    research on colloidal carbon sphere nanoreactor, in terms of both their

    synthesis and applications, is summarized. Various synthetic strategies are

    first discussed, including the hard template method, the soft template method,

    hydrothermal carbonization, the microemulsion polymerization method, and

    extension of the Stöber method. Then, the functionalization of colloidal carbon

    sphere nanoreactors, including the nanoengineering of compositions and

    the surface features, is discussed. Afterward, recent progress in the major

    applications of colloidal carbon sphere nanoreactors, in the areas of energy

    storage, electrochemical conversion, and catalysis, is presented. Finally, the

    perspectives and challenges for future developments are discussed in terms

    of controlled synthesis and functionalization of the colloidal carbon sphere

    nanoreactors with tunable structure, and the composition and properties that

    are desirable for practical applications.

Authors


  •   Tian, Hao (external author)
  •   Liang, Ji
  •   Liu, Jian (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2019

Citation


  • Tian, H., Liang, J. & Liu, J. (2019). Nanoengineering Carbon Spheres as Nanoreactors for Sustainable Energy Applications. Advanced Materials, Online First 1903886-1-1903886-30.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85074415161

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/aiimpapers/3923

Start Page


  • 1903886-1

End Page


  • 1903886-30

Volume


  • Online First

Place Of Publication


  • Germany