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‘Shelter-in-place’ vs. evacuation in flash floods

Journal Article


Abstract


  • This paper examines the circumstances in which a ‘shelter-in-place’ strategy may be a viable alternative to evacuation during

    flash floods. While evacuation remains the dominant strategy for a range of hazards, a review of the literature suggests

    growing awareness of the dangers associated with late evacuations and some limited consideration of shelter-in-place options.

    This study examines the feasibility of a shelter-in-place strategy for flash floods in Australia through: a review of literatures on

    evacuation, ‘sheltering-in-place’ and flood fatalities; an analysis of Australian flash flood fatalities and injuries; and interviews

    with flood and emergency managers. The results demonstrate that the majority of flash flood fatalities (75.7 per cent) have

    occurred outside when people have entered flood waters in a vehicle or on foot for a range of reasons, including to continue their

    intended travel, engage in recreational pursuits, continue their work, and evacuate or carry out a rescue. Interviews with

    emergency managers confirm that while shelter-in-place may not be the preferred option, the strategy may need to be

    implemented for flash floods when, due to the limited warning times, evacuation is not possible.

UOW Authors


  •   Haynes, Kat A.
  •   Coates, L (external author)
  •   Leigh, R (external author)
  •   Handmer, John (external author)
  •   Whittaker, Joshua
  •   Gissing, A (external author)
  •   McAneney, J (external author)
  •   Opper, Simon (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2009

Citation


  • Haynes, K., Coates, L., Leigh, R., Handmer, J., Whittaker, J., Gissing, A., McAneney, J. & Opper, S. (2009). ‘Shelter-in-place’ vs. evacuation in flash floods. Environmental Hazards, 8 (4), 291-303.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84861768451

Number Of Pages


  • 12

Start Page


  • 291

End Page


  • 303

Volume


  • 8

Issue


  • 4

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom

Abstract


  • This paper examines the circumstances in which a ‘shelter-in-place’ strategy may be a viable alternative to evacuation during

    flash floods. While evacuation remains the dominant strategy for a range of hazards, a review of the literature suggests

    growing awareness of the dangers associated with late evacuations and some limited consideration of shelter-in-place options.

    This study examines the feasibility of a shelter-in-place strategy for flash floods in Australia through: a review of literatures on

    evacuation, ‘sheltering-in-place’ and flood fatalities; an analysis of Australian flash flood fatalities and injuries; and interviews

    with flood and emergency managers. The results demonstrate that the majority of flash flood fatalities (75.7 per cent) have

    occurred outside when people have entered flood waters in a vehicle or on foot for a range of reasons, including to continue their

    intended travel, engage in recreational pursuits, continue their work, and evacuate or carry out a rescue. Interviews with

    emergency managers confirm that while shelter-in-place may not be the preferred option, the strategy may need to be

    implemented for flash floods when, due to the limited warning times, evacuation is not possible.

UOW Authors


  •   Haynes, Kat A.
  •   Coates, L (external author)
  •   Leigh, R (external author)
  •   Handmer, John (external author)
  •   Whittaker, Joshua
  •   Gissing, A (external author)
  •   McAneney, J (external author)
  •   Opper, Simon (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2009

Citation


  • Haynes, K., Coates, L., Leigh, R., Handmer, J., Whittaker, J., Gissing, A., McAneney, J. & Opper, S. (2009). ‘Shelter-in-place’ vs. evacuation in flash floods. Environmental Hazards, 8 (4), 291-303.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-84861768451

Number Of Pages


  • 12

Start Page


  • 291

End Page


  • 303

Volume


  • 8

Issue


  • 4

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom