This chapter provides an outline and overview of current research into the Australian ‘prepare,
stay and defend or leave early’ policy. Although historical and structural evidence have been
reported elsewhere, this chapter brings these issues together with additional verification from
an analysis of a bushfire fatality database and findings from recent research into
The methodologies employed for this research include documentary analysis and extensive
literature reviews, statistical analysis of bushfire fatalities, and numerous interviews, focus
groups and quantitative surveys with members of the public and fire agencies before and after
significant bushfire events.