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Evaluating the Fit of Co-management for Small-Scale Fisheries Governance in Timor-Leste

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Fisheries co-management is an increasingly globalized concept, and a cornerstone of

    the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-scale Fisheries in the Context

    of Food Security and Poverty Eradication, adopted by the United Nations Food and

    Agriculture Organization member states in 2014. Timor-Leste is a politically young

    country in the relatively rare position of having underexploited fisheries in some areas

    that can be leveraged to improve coastal livelihood outcomes and food and nutrition

    security. The collaborative and decentralized characteristics of co-management appeal

    to policymakers in Timor-Leste with provisions for co-management and customary laws

    applied to resource use were incorporated into state law in 2004 and again reinforced

    in 2012 revisions. The first fisheries co-management pilots have commenced where

    management arrangements have been codified through tara bandu, a process of setting

    local laws built around ritual practice that prohibits nominated activities under threat of

    spiritual and material sanctions. To date, however, there has been little critical evaluation

    of the suitability or potential effectiveness of co-management or tara bandu in the Timor-

    Leste fisheries context. To address this gap, we adapted the interactive governance

    framework to review the ecological, social and governance characteristics of Timor-

    Leste’s fisheries to explore whether co-management offers a valid and viable resource

    governance model. We present two co-management case studies and examine how

    they were established, who was involved, the local institutional structures, and the

    fisheries governance challenges they sought to address.

UOW Authors


  •   Tilley, Alexander (external author)
  •   Hunnam, Kimberley J. (external author)
  •   Mills, David (external author)
  •   Steenbergen, Dirk
  •   Govan, Hugh (external author)
  •   Alonso-Poblacion, Enrique (external author)
  •   Roscher, Matthew (external author)
  •   Pereira, Mario (external author)
  •   Rodrigues, Pedro (external author)
  •   Amador, Teresa (external author)
  •   Duarte, Agustinha (external author)
  •   Gomes, Mario (external author)
  •   Cohen, Philippa J. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2019

Citation


  • Tilley, A., Hunnam, K. J., Mills, D. J., Steenbergen, D. J., Govan, H., Alonso-Poblacion, E., Roscher, M., Pereira, M., Rodrigues, P., Amador, T., Duarte, A., Gomes, M. & Cohen, P. J. (2019). Evaluating the Fit of Co-management for Small-Scale Fisheries Governance in Timor-Leste. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6 392-1-392-17.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85069781680

Ro Full-text Url


  • https://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4961&context=lhapapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/3925

Has Global Citation Frequency


Start Page


  • 392-1

End Page


  • 392-17

Volume


  • 6

Place Of Publication


  • Switzerland

Abstract


  • Fisheries co-management is an increasingly globalized concept, and a cornerstone of

    the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-scale Fisheries in the Context

    of Food Security and Poverty Eradication, adopted by the United Nations Food and

    Agriculture Organization member states in 2014. Timor-Leste is a politically young

    country in the relatively rare position of having underexploited fisheries in some areas

    that can be leveraged to improve coastal livelihood outcomes and food and nutrition

    security. The collaborative and decentralized characteristics of co-management appeal

    to policymakers in Timor-Leste with provisions for co-management and customary laws

    applied to resource use were incorporated into state law in 2004 and again reinforced

    in 2012 revisions. The first fisheries co-management pilots have commenced where

    management arrangements have been codified through tara bandu, a process of setting

    local laws built around ritual practice that prohibits nominated activities under threat of

    spiritual and material sanctions. To date, however, there has been little critical evaluation

    of the suitability or potential effectiveness of co-management or tara bandu in the Timor-

    Leste fisheries context. To address this gap, we adapted the interactive governance

    framework to review the ecological, social and governance characteristics of Timor-

    Leste’s fisheries to explore whether co-management offers a valid and viable resource

    governance model. We present two co-management case studies and examine how

    they were established, who was involved, the local institutional structures, and the

    fisheries governance challenges they sought to address.

UOW Authors


  •   Tilley, Alexander (external author)
  •   Hunnam, Kimberley J. (external author)
  •   Mills, David (external author)
  •   Steenbergen, Dirk
  •   Govan, Hugh (external author)
  •   Alonso-Poblacion, Enrique (external author)
  •   Roscher, Matthew (external author)
  •   Pereira, Mario (external author)
  •   Rodrigues, Pedro (external author)
  •   Amador, Teresa (external author)
  •   Duarte, Agustinha (external author)
  •   Gomes, Mario (external author)
  •   Cohen, Philippa J. (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2019

Citation


  • Tilley, A., Hunnam, K. J., Mills, D. J., Steenbergen, D. J., Govan, H., Alonso-Poblacion, E., Roscher, M., Pereira, M., Rodrigues, P., Amador, T., Duarte, A., Gomes, M. & Cohen, P. J. (2019). Evaluating the Fit of Co-management for Small-Scale Fisheries Governance in Timor-Leste. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6 392-1-392-17.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85069781680

Ro Full-text Url


  • https://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4961&context=lhapapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/lhapapers/3925

Has Global Citation Frequency


Start Page


  • 392-1

End Page


  • 392-17

Volume


  • 6

Place Of Publication


  • Switzerland