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Nature-Based Interventions for Improving Health and Wellbeing: The Purpose, the People and the Outcomes

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Engagement with nature is an important part of many people’s lives, and the health

    and wellbeing benefits of nature–based activities are becoming increasingly recognised across

    disciplines from city planning to medicine. Despite this, urbanisation, challenges of modern life and

    environmental degradation are leading to a reduction in both the quantity and the quality of nature

    experiences. Nature–based health interventions (NBIs) can facilitate behavioural change through a

    somewhat structured promotion of nature–based experiences and, in doing so, promote improved

    physical, mental and social health and wellbeing. We conducted a Delphi expert elicitation process

    with 19 experts from seven countries (all named authors on this paper) to identify the different forms

    that such interventions take, the potential health outcomes and the target beneficiaries. In total,

    27 NBIs were identified, aiming to prevent illness, promote wellbeing and treat specific physical,

    mental or social health and wellbeing conditions. These interventions were broadly categorized into

    those that change the environment in which people live, work, learn, recreate or heal (for example,

    the provision of gardens in hospitals or parks in cities) and those that change behaviour (for example,

    engaging people through organized programmes or other activities). We also noted the range of

    factors (such as socioeconomic variation) that will inevitably influence the extent to which these

    interventions succeed. We conclude with a call for research to identify the drivers influencing the

    effectiveness of NBIs in enhancing health and wellbeing.

Authors


  •   Shanahan, Danielle (external author)
  •   Astell-Burt, Thomas E.
  •   Barber, Elizabeth (external author)
  •   Brymer, Eric (external author)
  •   Cox, Daniel (external author)
  •   Dean, Julie (external author)
  •   Depledge, Michael H. (external author)
  •   Fuller, Richard (external author)
  •   Hartig, Terry (external author)
  •   Irvine, Katherine (external author)
  •   Jones, Andy (external author)
  •   Kikillus, Heidy (external author)
  •   Lovell, Rebecca (external author)
  •   Mitchell, Richard (external author)
  •   Niemelae, Jari (external author)
  •   Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark (external author)
  •   Pretty, Jules (external author)
  •   Townsend, Mardie (external author)
  •   van Heezik, Yolanda (external author)
  •   Warber, Sara (external author)
  •   Gaston, Kevin (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2019

Published In


Citation


  • Shanahan, D. F., Astell-Burt, T., Barber, E. A., Brymer, E., Cox, D. T. C., Dean, J., Depledge, M., Fuller, R. A., Hartig, T., Irvine, K. N., Jones, A., Kikillus, H., Lovell, R., Mitchell, R., Niemelae, J., Nieuwenhuijsen, M., Pretty, J., Townsend, M., van Heezik, Y., Warber, S. & Gaston, K. J. (2019). Nature-Based Interventions for Improving Health and Wellbeing: The Purpose, the People and the Outcomes. Sports, 7 (6), 7060141-1-7060141-20.

Start Page


  • 7060141-1

End Page


  • 7060141-20

Volume


  • 7

Issue


  • 6

Place Of Publication


  • Switzerland

Abstract


  • Engagement with nature is an important part of many people’s lives, and the health

    and wellbeing benefits of nature–based activities are becoming increasingly recognised across

    disciplines from city planning to medicine. Despite this, urbanisation, challenges of modern life and

    environmental degradation are leading to a reduction in both the quantity and the quality of nature

    experiences. Nature–based health interventions (NBIs) can facilitate behavioural change through a

    somewhat structured promotion of nature–based experiences and, in doing so, promote improved

    physical, mental and social health and wellbeing. We conducted a Delphi expert elicitation process

    with 19 experts from seven countries (all named authors on this paper) to identify the different forms

    that such interventions take, the potential health outcomes and the target beneficiaries. In total,

    27 NBIs were identified, aiming to prevent illness, promote wellbeing and treat specific physical,

    mental or social health and wellbeing conditions. These interventions were broadly categorized into

    those that change the environment in which people live, work, learn, recreate or heal (for example,

    the provision of gardens in hospitals or parks in cities) and those that change behaviour (for example,

    engaging people through organized programmes or other activities). We also noted the range of

    factors (such as socioeconomic variation) that will inevitably influence the extent to which these

    interventions succeed. We conclude with a call for research to identify the drivers influencing the

    effectiveness of NBIs in enhancing health and wellbeing.

Authors


  •   Shanahan, Danielle (external author)
  •   Astell-Burt, Thomas E.
  •   Barber, Elizabeth (external author)
  •   Brymer, Eric (external author)
  •   Cox, Daniel (external author)
  •   Dean, Julie (external author)
  •   Depledge, Michael H. (external author)
  •   Fuller, Richard (external author)
  •   Hartig, Terry (external author)
  •   Irvine, Katherine (external author)
  •   Jones, Andy (external author)
  •   Kikillus, Heidy (external author)
  •   Lovell, Rebecca (external author)
  •   Mitchell, Richard (external author)
  •   Niemelae, Jari (external author)
  •   Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark (external author)
  •   Pretty, Jules (external author)
  •   Townsend, Mardie (external author)
  •   van Heezik, Yolanda (external author)
  •   Warber, Sara (external author)
  •   Gaston, Kevin (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2019

Published In


Citation


  • Shanahan, D. F., Astell-Burt, T., Barber, E. A., Brymer, E., Cox, D. T. C., Dean, J., Depledge, M., Fuller, R. A., Hartig, T., Irvine, K. N., Jones, A., Kikillus, H., Lovell, R., Mitchell, R., Niemelae, J., Nieuwenhuijsen, M., Pretty, J., Townsend, M., van Heezik, Y., Warber, S. & Gaston, K. J. (2019). Nature-Based Interventions for Improving Health and Wellbeing: The Purpose, the People and the Outcomes. Sports, 7 (6), 7060141-1-7060141-20.

Start Page


  • 7060141-1

End Page


  • 7060141-20

Volume


  • 7

Issue


  • 6

Place Of Publication


  • Switzerland