Topological insulators as new emerging building blocks in electronics and photonics present promising prospects for exciting surface plasmons and enhancing light-matter interaction. Thus, exploring the visible-range plasmonic response of topological insulators is significant to reveal their optical characteristics and broaden their applications at high frequencies. Herein, we report the experimental demonstration of a visible-range surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect on an antimony telluride (Sb 2 Te 3 ) topological insulator film. The results show that the SPR can be excited with a relatively small incident angle in the Kretschmann configuration based on the Sb 2 Te 3 film. Especially, we develop an impactful digital holographic imaging system based on the topological insulator SPR and realize the dynamic monitoring of refractive index variation. Compared with the traditional SPR, the Sb 2 Te 3 -based SPR possesses a broader measurement range. Our findings open a new avenue for exploring the optical physics and practical applications of topological insulators, such as environmental and biochemical sensing.