The articles in this special issue of Research Online publication titled ‘Lame dan lame? La main dans la main? Hand in Hand?’ are drawn from presentations at the colloquium held at the University of Mauritius (UoM) on 13 September 2018. The colloquium itself was organised following discussions about the need to focus on the theme of lame dan lame adopted by the Mauritian government to mark its fifty years of independence from British rule and the spirit of a united Mauritian nation built made by walking hand in hand since 1968. This issue brings together articles by researchers from Australia,France and Mauritius who analyze the concept of lame dan lame, its challenges and opportunities across disciplinary fields of Linguistics, Education, Identity, Politics and History. The publication of this special issue expands on collaborative links built between academics at the Universities of Mauritius (UoM) and Wollongong (UOW) at the International Conference of the Mauritian Academic Diaspora (ICMAD) organized by UoMin February 2018to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of Mauritian independence.