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Three-Dimensional Porous Cobalt Phosphide Nanocubes Encapsulated in a Graphene Aerogel as an Advanced Anode with High Coulombic Efficiency for High-Energy Lithium-Ion Batteries

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • An ingeniously designed porous structure can synergistically optimize the desired properties and maximize the advantages of a material as an electrode for a high-performance energy storage system. The active material with a porous nanostructure could reduce the ion diffusion path and buffer the strain caused by the volume changes during cycling. Furthermore, combining the active material with a three-dimensional (3D) graphene aerogel (GA) matrix is an ideal way to maintain the structural integrity, improve the conductivity, and overcome the aggregation problem of the nanomaterials. Herein, we adopted a facile template-based strategy to derive a composite of 3D hierarchically porous cobalt phosphide nanocubes with a graphene aerogel (CoP@GA). The as-prepared CoP@GA features porous cobalt phosphide nanocubes that are firmly encapsulated and uniformly distributed in the well-defined graphene aerogel skeleton. Benefiting from the hierarchical porosity, structural integrity, and conductive network, the CoP@GA electrode manifests an ultrahigh initial Coulombic efficiency (88.6%), outstanding lithium storage performance in terms of excellent cycling performance (805.3 mAh·g-1 after 200 cycles at 200 mA·g-1), superior high-energy performance (351.8 mAh·g-1 after 4000 cycles at 10 A·g-1), and exceptional rate capability. Moreover, this synthesis protocol could be an instructive precedent for fabricating transition-metal-phosphide-based 3D porous composites with excellent electrochemical performances.

Authors


  •   Gao, Hong (external author)
  •   Yang, Fuhua (external author)
  •   Zheng, Yang (external author)
  •   Zhang, Qing (external author)
  •   Hao, Junnan (external author)
  •   Zhang, Shilin (external author)
  •   Zheng, Hao (external author)
  •   Chen, Jun
  •   Liu, Hua K.
  •   Guo, Zaiping

Publication Date


  • 2019

Citation


  • Gao, H., Yang, F., Zheng, Y., Zhang, Q., Hao, J., Zhang, S., Zheng, H., Chen, J., Liu, H. & Guo, Z. (2019). Three-Dimensional Porous Cobalt Phosphide Nanocubes Encapsulated in a Graphene Aerogel as an Advanced Anode with High Coulombic Efficiency for High-Energy Lithium-Ion Batteries. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 11 (5), 5373-5379.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85060807126

Ro Full-text Url


  • https://ro.uow.edu.au/context/aiimpapers/article/4535/type/native/viewcontent

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/aiimpapers/3481

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 6

Start Page


  • 5373

End Page


  • 5379

Volume


  • 11

Issue


  • 5

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • An ingeniously designed porous structure can synergistically optimize the desired properties and maximize the advantages of a material as an electrode for a high-performance energy storage system. The active material with a porous nanostructure could reduce the ion diffusion path and buffer the strain caused by the volume changes during cycling. Furthermore, combining the active material with a three-dimensional (3D) graphene aerogel (GA) matrix is an ideal way to maintain the structural integrity, improve the conductivity, and overcome the aggregation problem of the nanomaterials. Herein, we adopted a facile template-based strategy to derive a composite of 3D hierarchically porous cobalt phosphide nanocubes with a graphene aerogel (CoP@GA). The as-prepared CoP@GA features porous cobalt phosphide nanocubes that are firmly encapsulated and uniformly distributed in the well-defined graphene aerogel skeleton. Benefiting from the hierarchical porosity, structural integrity, and conductive network, the CoP@GA electrode manifests an ultrahigh initial Coulombic efficiency (88.6%), outstanding lithium storage performance in terms of excellent cycling performance (805.3 mAh·g-1 after 200 cycles at 200 mA·g-1), superior high-energy performance (351.8 mAh·g-1 after 4000 cycles at 10 A·g-1), and exceptional rate capability. Moreover, this synthesis protocol could be an instructive precedent for fabricating transition-metal-phosphide-based 3D porous composites with excellent electrochemical performances.

Authors


  •   Gao, Hong (external author)
  •   Yang, Fuhua (external author)
  •   Zheng, Yang (external author)
  •   Zhang, Qing (external author)
  •   Hao, Junnan (external author)
  •   Zhang, Shilin (external author)
  •   Zheng, Hao (external author)
  •   Chen, Jun
  •   Liu, Hua K.
  •   Guo, Zaiping

Publication Date


  • 2019

Citation


  • Gao, H., Yang, F., Zheng, Y., Zhang, Q., Hao, J., Zhang, S., Zheng, H., Chen, J., Liu, H. & Guo, Z. (2019). Three-Dimensional Porous Cobalt Phosphide Nanocubes Encapsulated in a Graphene Aerogel as an Advanced Anode with High Coulombic Efficiency for High-Energy Lithium-Ion Batteries. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 11 (5), 5373-5379.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85060807126

Ro Full-text Url


  • https://ro.uow.edu.au/context/aiimpapers/article/4535/type/native/viewcontent

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/aiimpapers/3481

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 6

Start Page


  • 5373

End Page


  • 5379

Volume


  • 11

Issue


  • 5

Place Of Publication


  • United States