In vivo dosimetry in high dose-rate (HDR) intracavitary brachytherapy (ICBT) is important for assessing the true dose received by surrounding organs at risk during treatment. It also serves as part of the treatment delivery quality assurance and verification program with the use of a suitable dosimeter. Such a dosimeter should be characterized under brachytherapy conditions before clinical application to ensure the accuracy of in vivo measurement. In this study, a MOSFET-based detector, MOSkin, was calibrated and characterized under HDR Cobalt-60 (Co-60) brachytherapy source. MOSkin possessed the major advantages of having small physical and dosimetric sizes of 4.8 × 10−6 mm3 with the ability to provide real-time measurements. Using solid water and polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) phantom, the detectors’ reproducibility, linearity, angular and distance dependency was tested for its suitability as an in vivo detector. Correction factors to account for differences in depth measurements were determined. The MOSkin detector showed a reliable response when tested under Co-60 brachytherapy range of doses with an excellent linearity of R2 = 0.9997 and acceptable reproducibility. A phantom verification study was also conducted to verify the differences between MOSkin responses and treatment planning (TPS) calculated doses. By taking into account several correction factors, deviations ranging between 0.01 and 0.4 Gy were found between MOSkin measured and TPS doses at measurement distance of 20–55 mm. The use of MOSkin as the dosimeter of choice for in vivo dosimetry under Co-60 brachytherapy condition is feasible.