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The prevalence and protective factors for resilience in adolescent Aboriginal Australians living in urban areas: a cross-sectional study

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Objectives: To estimate the prevalence and determine protective factors for resilience in urban Aboriginal adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional survey data was collected from 119 Aboriginal adolescents participating in the Study of Environment on Aboriginal Resilience and Child Health (SEARCH). Resilience was defined as having ‘low-risk’ Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire scores on the total difficulties (range: 0–40) or the prosocial scale (range: 0–10). Results: Most adolescents scored in the low-risk range of the total difficulties (n=85, 73%) and prosocial scales (101, 86%). Family encouragement to attend school was associated with a 4.3-point reduction in total difficulties scores (95%CI, 0.22–8.3). Having someone to talk to if there was a problem and regular strenuous exercise were associated with higher scores on the prosocial behaviour scale, increasing scores by 1.2 (95%CI, 0.45–2.0) and 1.3 (95%CI, 0.26–2.3) points, respectively. Conclusions: Most adolescents in SEARCH displayed resilience. Resilience was associated with nurturing family environments, social support and regular exercise. Implications for public health: Our data accords with previous research that demonstrates resilience, but also a higher prevalence of emotional and behaviour problems among Aboriginal youth. Supporting Aboriginal young people to build resilience may promote better mental health outcomes leading to important public health benefits.

Authors


  •   Young, Christian (external author)
  •   Craig, Jonathan C. (external author)
  •   Clapham, Kathleen F.
  •   Banks, Sandra (external author)
  •   Williamson, Anna (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2019

Citation


  • C. Young, J. C. Craig, K. Clapham, S. Banks & A. Williamson, "The prevalence and protective factors for resilience in adolescent Aboriginal Australians living in urban areas: a cross-sectional study", Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 43 1 (2019) 8-14.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85058002326

Ro Full-text Url


  • https://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1984&context=ahsri

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/ahsri/937

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 6

Start Page


  • 8

End Page


  • 14

Volume


  • 43

Issue


  • 1

Place Of Publication


  • Australia

Abstract


  • Objectives: To estimate the prevalence and determine protective factors for resilience in urban Aboriginal adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional survey data was collected from 119 Aboriginal adolescents participating in the Study of Environment on Aboriginal Resilience and Child Health (SEARCH). Resilience was defined as having ‘low-risk’ Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire scores on the total difficulties (range: 0–40) or the prosocial scale (range: 0–10). Results: Most adolescents scored in the low-risk range of the total difficulties (n=85, 73%) and prosocial scales (101, 86%). Family encouragement to attend school was associated with a 4.3-point reduction in total difficulties scores (95%CI, 0.22–8.3). Having someone to talk to if there was a problem and regular strenuous exercise were associated with higher scores on the prosocial behaviour scale, increasing scores by 1.2 (95%CI, 0.45–2.0) and 1.3 (95%CI, 0.26–2.3) points, respectively. Conclusions: Most adolescents in SEARCH displayed resilience. Resilience was associated with nurturing family environments, social support and regular exercise. Implications for public health: Our data accords with previous research that demonstrates resilience, but also a higher prevalence of emotional and behaviour problems among Aboriginal youth. Supporting Aboriginal young people to build resilience may promote better mental health outcomes leading to important public health benefits.

Authors


  •   Young, Christian (external author)
  •   Craig, Jonathan C. (external author)
  •   Clapham, Kathleen F.
  •   Banks, Sandra (external author)
  •   Williamson, Anna (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2019

Citation


  • C. Young, J. C. Craig, K. Clapham, S. Banks & A. Williamson, "The prevalence and protective factors for resilience in adolescent Aboriginal Australians living in urban areas: a cross-sectional study", Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 43 1 (2019) 8-14.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85058002326

Ro Full-text Url


  • https://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1984&context=ahsri

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/ahsri/937

Has Global Citation Frequency


Number Of Pages


  • 6

Start Page


  • 8

End Page


  • 14

Volume


  • 43

Issue


  • 1

Place Of Publication


  • Australia