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Optimal design and size of a desiccant cooling system with onsite energy generation and thermal storage using a multilayer perceptron neural network and a genetic algorithm

Journal Article


Abstract


  • A design optimization strategy for rotary desiccant cooling (RDC) systems integrated with a photovoltaic thermal collector-solar air heater (PVT-SAH) and a phase change material based thermal energy storage (TES) (named RDC-PVT-SAH-TES) is presented in this paper. The optimization method was developed using a multilayer perceptron neural network (MPNN) and a genetic algorithm to maximize the specific net electricity generation (SNEG) of RDC-PVT-SAH-TES systems while maintaining the required cooling demand with the assistance of an electric heater. A dimension reduction method was used to determine the main design parameters of the RDC-PVT-SAH-TES system. An RDC-PVT-SAH-TES system was simulated using TRNSYS and the simulation data were utilized for training and validation of the MPNN model and for dimension reduction analysis. A comparison of the design solution identified by this optimization method with a baseline design showed that the SNEG and the solar thermal contribution of this RDC-PVT-SAH-TES system can be increased from 3.77 kWh/m2 to 10.32 kWh/m2 and from 91.5% to 99.4%, respectively. The optimization method developed could be potentially adapted to facilitate optimal design and size of other engineering systems with onsite energy generation and thermal storage.

Publication Date


  • 2019

Citation


  • Ren, H., Ma, Z., Lin, W., Wang, S. & Li, W. (2019). Optimal design and size of a desiccant cooling system with onsite energy generation and thermal storage using a multilayer perceptron neural network and a genetic algorithm. Energy Conversion and Management, 180 598-608.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85056583653

Number Of Pages


  • 10

Start Page


  • 598

End Page


  • 608

Volume


  • 180

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom

Abstract


  • A design optimization strategy for rotary desiccant cooling (RDC) systems integrated with a photovoltaic thermal collector-solar air heater (PVT-SAH) and a phase change material based thermal energy storage (TES) (named RDC-PVT-SAH-TES) is presented in this paper. The optimization method was developed using a multilayer perceptron neural network (MPNN) and a genetic algorithm to maximize the specific net electricity generation (SNEG) of RDC-PVT-SAH-TES systems while maintaining the required cooling demand with the assistance of an electric heater. A dimension reduction method was used to determine the main design parameters of the RDC-PVT-SAH-TES system. An RDC-PVT-SAH-TES system was simulated using TRNSYS and the simulation data were utilized for training and validation of the MPNN model and for dimension reduction analysis. A comparison of the design solution identified by this optimization method with a baseline design showed that the SNEG and the solar thermal contribution of this RDC-PVT-SAH-TES system can be increased from 3.77 kWh/m2 to 10.32 kWh/m2 and from 91.5% to 99.4%, respectively. The optimization method developed could be potentially adapted to facilitate optimal design and size of other engineering systems with onsite energy generation and thermal storage.

Publication Date


  • 2019

Citation


  • Ren, H., Ma, Z., Lin, W., Wang, S. & Li, W. (2019). Optimal design and size of a desiccant cooling system with onsite energy generation and thermal storage using a multilayer perceptron neural network and a genetic algorithm. Energy Conversion and Management, 180 598-608.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85056583653

Number Of Pages


  • 10

Start Page


  • 598

End Page


  • 608

Volume


  • 180

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom