What does it mean to read after refusal?1 Texts by white settler Australian authors in the twentieth century often made manifest their uniqueness as writings of national import by constructing images of Aboriginal people and of Aboriginality.2 Yet these representations of Aboriginality have frequently vexed and troubled a new generation of Aboriginal. writers. These writers and scholars refuse the legacy of such representations. They refuse the literary hegemony of whiteness. They refuse politics of Indigenous emancipation grounded in recognition. This is a book about Aboriginal literary refusal and the legacy of settler misrepresentation that it refuses.