The term resilience derives from the Latin verb resilire to leap or spring back. Fundamentally, all definitions of resilience comprise the core elements of adversity paired with a positive outcome. Historically, the empirical study of resilience has been impeded by the view of resilience adopted by the researchers involved leading to a fragmented and disjointed conceptual understanding of the phenomenon. Rutter (2006) views resilience as being an interactive concept where an interaction occurs between adverse experiences and positive adaptation. Therefore, differences in resilience could be a function of differences in exposure to aversive experiences and the resultant coping mechanisms adopted.