Skip to main content
placeholder image

Urban impacts across realms: Making the case for inter-realm monitoring and management

Journal Article


Abstract


  • Burgeoning populations and the increasing concentration of humans in urban areas have resulted in extensive

    and increasing degradation and destruction of natural ecosystems. The multitude of impacts and their drivers

    in urban areas across realms are often studied at local scales, but there is regularly a mismatch between the spatial

    extent of the impacts and that of the pressures driving those impacts. For example, most human activities

    occur on land and therefore disturb terrestrial habitats (intrinsic impacts), but their impacts can also extend to

    the atmosphere and aquatic realms (extrinsic impacts). Management of urban impacts is often designed at

    local scales and aims to control local pressures, mostly overlooking pressures originating outside the ‘managed’

    area. This is often due to jurisdictional barriers but can also result from the lack of knowledge and recognition

    among scientists and managers of larger scale pressures. With the aim to highlight the importance of ameliorating

    extrinsic impacts for holistic management of urban areas, this paper discusses the range and extent of extrinsic

    impacts produced by the most common pressures in urban environments. We discuss that the terrestrial

    realm is a ‘net-donor’ of impacts, as most human activities occur on land and the resulting impacts are transferred

    to aquatic and atmospheric realms. However, activities in aquatic realms can result in impacts on land. We conclude

    that, to achieve effective management strategies, greater collaboration is needed between scientists and

    managers focussing on different realms and regions and we present suggestions for approaches to achieve this.

UOW Authors


  •   Bugnot, Ana (external author)
  •   Hose, Grant C. (external author)
  •   Walsh, Christopher (external author)
  •   Floerl, Oliver (external author)
  •   French, Kris O.
  •   Dafforn, Katherine (external author)
  •   Hanford, Jayne (external author)
  •   Lowe, Elizabeth (external author)
  •   Hahs, Amy (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2019

Citation


  • Bugnot, A. B., Hose, G. C., Walsh, C. J., Floerl, O., French, K., Dafforn, K. A., Hanford, J., Lowe, E. C. & Hahs, A. K. (2019). Urban impacts across realms: Making the case for inter-realm monitoring and management. Science of the Total Environment, 648 711-719.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85051676523

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers1/312

Number Of Pages


  • 8

Start Page


  • 711

End Page


  • 719

Volume


  • 648

Place Of Publication


  • Netherlands

Abstract


  • Burgeoning populations and the increasing concentration of humans in urban areas have resulted in extensive

    and increasing degradation and destruction of natural ecosystems. The multitude of impacts and their drivers

    in urban areas across realms are often studied at local scales, but there is regularly a mismatch between the spatial

    extent of the impacts and that of the pressures driving those impacts. For example, most human activities

    occur on land and therefore disturb terrestrial habitats (intrinsic impacts), but their impacts can also extend to

    the atmosphere and aquatic realms (extrinsic impacts). Management of urban impacts is often designed at

    local scales and aims to control local pressures, mostly overlooking pressures originating outside the ‘managed’

    area. This is often due to jurisdictional barriers but can also result from the lack of knowledge and recognition

    among scientists and managers of larger scale pressures. With the aim to highlight the importance of ameliorating

    extrinsic impacts for holistic management of urban areas, this paper discusses the range and extent of extrinsic

    impacts produced by the most common pressures in urban environments. We discuss that the terrestrial

    realm is a ‘net-donor’ of impacts, as most human activities occur on land and the resulting impacts are transferred

    to aquatic and atmospheric realms. However, activities in aquatic realms can result in impacts on land. We conclude

    that, to achieve effective management strategies, greater collaboration is needed between scientists and

    managers focussing on different realms and regions and we present suggestions for approaches to achieve this.

UOW Authors


  •   Bugnot, Ana (external author)
  •   Hose, Grant C. (external author)
  •   Walsh, Christopher (external author)
  •   Floerl, Oliver (external author)
  •   French, Kris O.
  •   Dafforn, Katherine (external author)
  •   Hanford, Jayne (external author)
  •   Lowe, Elizabeth (external author)
  •   Hahs, Amy (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2019

Citation


  • Bugnot, A. B., Hose, G. C., Walsh, C. J., Floerl, O., French, K., Dafforn, K. A., Hanford, J., Lowe, E. C. & Hahs, A. K. (2019). Urban impacts across realms: Making the case for inter-realm monitoring and management. Science of the Total Environment, 648 711-719.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85051676523

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/smhpapers1/312

Number Of Pages


  • 8

Start Page


  • 711

End Page


  • 719

Volume


  • 648

Place Of Publication


  • Netherlands