The majority of Australia's economic trade is travelled by sea. Over 30,000 vessels visit Australian Ports each year; a figure that continues to grow. Due to safety, timing or operations, it is common for large commercial ships to arrive outside Ports and anchor while awaiting access to berth, yet the environmental impacts resulting from anchoring by these vessels is principally unknown. It is an ongoing challenge to balance the needs of the nation's economic viability, and our marine assets to ensure that both can continue to remain prosperous. Using examples from Australia's key Ports, we highlight some of the intricacies of the issues surrounding commercial anchorages, in particular the legal-regulatory complexities and how these vessels might interact with the environment whilst they are anchored. An emphasis is placed on impacts to seafloor communities and the need to incorporate anchor management into Port planning, with consideration of safety, environmental sustainability and economic growth.