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How much free sugar do Australians consume? Findings from a national survey

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Objective: To identify the characteristics of Australian adults exceeding the World Health

    Organization’s free sugar (FS) intake recommendations of <10% and compare the sources of

    FS among those exceeding (high FS consumers) and complying (low FS consumers) with the

    recommendations.

    Method: Nationally weighted data from the Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity

    Survey 2011-12 was used to describe the proportions of FS consumption and sources of FS

    among adults aged ≥18 years (n=9,435) across demographic, socioeconomic and health

    behavioural subgroups. Six categories of food groups likely to contain FS were generated and

    analysed.

    Results: Almost half of all adults (47%) were high FS consumers. More than one-third of adults

    in each demographic, socioeconomic and health behaviour subgroup were high FS consumers.

    Of the food groups containing FS, beverages contributed the most FS (37%), particularly for

    young adults (48%). High FS consumers obtained twice as much FS from beverages (42%)

    than low FS consumers (21%). A reverse age gradient was observed for the FS sourced from

    beverages.

    Conclusions: Almost half the Australians surveyed exceeded the FS intake recommendations.

    Sugary beverages were the largest source of FS, with young adults being the highest consumers.

    Implications for public health: Whole population strategies targeting beverages could

    possibly reduce Australia’s high sugar intake.

Authors


  •   Gupta, Adyya (external author)
  •   Smithers, Lisa (external author)
  •   Braunack-Mayer, Annette J.
  •   Harford, Jane (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2018

Citation


  • Gupta, A., Smithers, L. G., Braunack-Mayer, A. & Harford, J. (2018). How much free sugar do Australians consume? Findings from a national survey. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 42 (6), 533-540.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85054579170

Ro Full-text Url


  • https://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=5190&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/4166

Number Of Pages


  • 7

Start Page


  • 533

End Page


  • 540

Volume


  • 42

Issue


  • 6

Place Of Publication


  • Australia

Abstract


  • Objective: To identify the characteristics of Australian adults exceeding the World Health

    Organization’s free sugar (FS) intake recommendations of <10% and compare the sources of

    FS among those exceeding (high FS consumers) and complying (low FS consumers) with the

    recommendations.

    Method: Nationally weighted data from the Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity

    Survey 2011-12 was used to describe the proportions of FS consumption and sources of FS

    among adults aged ≥18 years (n=9,435) across demographic, socioeconomic and health

    behavioural subgroups. Six categories of food groups likely to contain FS were generated and

    analysed.

    Results: Almost half of all adults (47%) were high FS consumers. More than one-third of adults

    in each demographic, socioeconomic and health behaviour subgroup were high FS consumers.

    Of the food groups containing FS, beverages contributed the most FS (37%), particularly for

    young adults (48%). High FS consumers obtained twice as much FS from beverages (42%)

    than low FS consumers (21%). A reverse age gradient was observed for the FS sourced from

    beverages.

    Conclusions: Almost half the Australians surveyed exceeded the FS intake recommendations.

    Sugary beverages were the largest source of FS, with young adults being the highest consumers.

    Implications for public health: Whole population strategies targeting beverages could

    possibly reduce Australia’s high sugar intake.

Authors


  •   Gupta, Adyya (external author)
  •   Smithers, Lisa (external author)
  •   Braunack-Mayer, Annette J.
  •   Harford, Jane (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2018

Citation


  • Gupta, A., Smithers, L. G., Braunack-Mayer, A. & Harford, J. (2018). How much free sugar do Australians consume? Findings from a national survey. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 42 (6), 533-540.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85054579170

Ro Full-text Url


  • https://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=5190&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/4166

Number Of Pages


  • 7

Start Page


  • 533

End Page


  • 540

Volume


  • 42

Issue


  • 6

Place Of Publication


  • Australia