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The evolution of marine conservation and marine protected areas in Australia

Chapter


Abstract


  • Since the late 19th century the understanding of human impacts on the marine environment

    has been in a process of transformation from a cultural and legal view of the seas and

    their resources as infinite, dangerous, available and too great to be affected by widespread

    human impacts. By the late 20th century there was growing understanding that human

    impacts were widespread, increasing and threatening the sustainability of biological diversity

    and ecosystem services. It is now internationally accepted that these threats should be

    mitigated for reasons ranging from food and physical security (prevention of illegal entry

    to, and use of, marine space and resources) and biosecurity (prevention of introduction of

    alien species or disease). This acceptance has reflected growing awareness of opportunities

    for new and increasing economic uses of marine space from the Review Committee on

    Marine Industries, Science and Technology (1989) to the ‘Blue Economy’ (UNCSD 2014).

    In 1988, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) adopted a primary

    goal for marine conservation: ‘To provide for the protection, restoration, wise use,

    understanding and enjoyment of the marine heritage of the world in perpetuity through

    creation of a global, representative system of marine protected areas and through the management,

    in accordance with the principles of the World Conservation Strategy, of human

    activities that use or affect the marine environment’ (IUCN 1988).

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Kenchington, R. (2016). The evolution of marine conservation and marine protected areas in Australia. In J. Fitzsimons & G. Wescott (Eds.), Big, Bold and Blue : Lessons from Australia's Marine Protected Areas (pp. 29-42). Australia: CSIRO Publishing.

International Standard Book Number (isbn) 13


  • 9781486301959

Book Title


  • Big, Bold and Blue : Lessons from Australia's Marine Protected Areas

Start Page


  • 29

End Page


  • 42

Place Of Publication


  • Australia

Abstract


  • Since the late 19th century the understanding of human impacts on the marine environment

    has been in a process of transformation from a cultural and legal view of the seas and

    their resources as infinite, dangerous, available and too great to be affected by widespread

    human impacts. By the late 20th century there was growing understanding that human

    impacts were widespread, increasing and threatening the sustainability of biological diversity

    and ecosystem services. It is now internationally accepted that these threats should be

    mitigated for reasons ranging from food and physical security (prevention of illegal entry

    to, and use of, marine space and resources) and biosecurity (prevention of introduction of

    alien species or disease). This acceptance has reflected growing awareness of opportunities

    for new and increasing economic uses of marine space from the Review Committee on

    Marine Industries, Science and Technology (1989) to the ‘Blue Economy’ (UNCSD 2014).

    In 1988, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) adopted a primary

    goal for marine conservation: ‘To provide for the protection, restoration, wise use,

    understanding and enjoyment of the marine heritage of the world in perpetuity through

    creation of a global, representative system of marine protected areas and through the management,

    in accordance with the principles of the World Conservation Strategy, of human

    activities that use or affect the marine environment’ (IUCN 1988).

Publication Date


  • 2016

Citation


  • Kenchington, R. (2016). The evolution of marine conservation and marine protected areas in Australia. In J. Fitzsimons & G. Wescott (Eds.), Big, Bold and Blue : Lessons from Australia's Marine Protected Areas (pp. 29-42). Australia: CSIRO Publishing.

International Standard Book Number (isbn) 13


  • 9781486301959

Book Title


  • Big, Bold and Blue : Lessons from Australia's Marine Protected Areas

Start Page


  • 29

End Page


  • 42

Place Of Publication


  • Australia