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Domain-specific physical activity and affective wellbeing among adolescents: an observational study of the moderating roles of autonomous and controlled motivation

Journal Article


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Abstract


  • Background: Abundant evidence demonstrates a relationship between physical activity and mental wellbeing.

    However, the strength of the relationship is not consistent. Factors contributing to variation in the strength of

    association are not well understood and, therefore, it remains difficult to optimize physical activity to ensure the

    strongest possible relationship with mental health. Self-determination theory suggests that more autonomously

    motivated behaviors lead to better mental health outcomes, when compared to more controlled behaviors.

    Therefore, we examined whether autonomous and controlled motivation moderated the relationships between

    physical activity and affective wellbeing within two domains (i.e., leisure-time and active travel).

    Methods: Between February and April 2014, adolescents (N = 1632, M age = 12.94 years, SD = 0.54, 55% male) wore

    an accelerometer across seven-days and completed self-report measures of leisure-time physical activity and active

    travel. They also completed two measures of motivation (towards leisure-time physical activity and active travel)

    and an affective wellbeing measure.

    Results: Structural equation modeling revealed that greater self-reported leisure-time physical activity was associated

    with greater positive affect (β = .29) and less negative affect (β = −.19) and that motivation did not moderate these

    relationships. Self-reported active travel had no linear relationship with affective wellbeing, and motivation did not

    moderate these relationships. Accelerometer-measured leisure-time physical activity had no relationship with positive

    affect but, had a weak inverse association with negative affect (β = −.09), and neither relationship was moderated by

    motivation. Accelerometer-measured active travel had no association with positive affect; however, autonomous

    motivation significantly moderated this association such that active travel had a positive association with positive affect

    when autonomous motivation was high (β = .09), but a negative association when autonomous motivation was low

    (β = −.07). Accelerometer-measured active travel had no association with negative affect. Despite some significant

    moderation effects, motivation did not consistently moderate the relationship between all physical activity variables

    (leisure-time and active travel, and self-report and accelerometer) and affective outcomes.

Authors


  •   White, Rhiannon L. (external author)
  •   Parker, Philip (external author)
  •   Lubans, David R. (external author)
  •   Macmillan, Freya (external author)
  •   Olson, Rebecca (external author)
  •   Astell-Burt, Thomas E.
  •   Lonsdale, Chris (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2018

Citation


  • White, R. Lee., Parker, P. D., Lubans, D. R., MacMillan, F., Olson, R., Astell-Burt, T. & Lonsdale, C. (2018). Domain-specific physical activity and affective wellbeing among adolescents: an observational study of the moderating roles of autonomous and controlled motivation. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 15 87-1-87-13.

Ro Full-text Url


  • https://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=5108&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/4099

Start Page


  • 87-1

End Page


  • 87-13

Volume


  • 15

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom

Abstract


  • Background: Abundant evidence demonstrates a relationship between physical activity and mental wellbeing.

    However, the strength of the relationship is not consistent. Factors contributing to variation in the strength of

    association are not well understood and, therefore, it remains difficult to optimize physical activity to ensure the

    strongest possible relationship with mental health. Self-determination theory suggests that more autonomously

    motivated behaviors lead to better mental health outcomes, when compared to more controlled behaviors.

    Therefore, we examined whether autonomous and controlled motivation moderated the relationships between

    physical activity and affective wellbeing within two domains (i.e., leisure-time and active travel).

    Methods: Between February and April 2014, adolescents (N = 1632, M age = 12.94 years, SD = 0.54, 55% male) wore

    an accelerometer across seven-days and completed self-report measures of leisure-time physical activity and active

    travel. They also completed two measures of motivation (towards leisure-time physical activity and active travel)

    and an affective wellbeing measure.

    Results: Structural equation modeling revealed that greater self-reported leisure-time physical activity was associated

    with greater positive affect (β = .29) and less negative affect (β = −.19) and that motivation did not moderate these

    relationships. Self-reported active travel had no linear relationship with affective wellbeing, and motivation did not

    moderate these relationships. Accelerometer-measured leisure-time physical activity had no relationship with positive

    affect but, had a weak inverse association with negative affect (β = −.09), and neither relationship was moderated by

    motivation. Accelerometer-measured active travel had no association with positive affect; however, autonomous

    motivation significantly moderated this association such that active travel had a positive association with positive affect

    when autonomous motivation was high (β = .09), but a negative association when autonomous motivation was low

    (β = −.07). Accelerometer-measured active travel had no association with negative affect. Despite some significant

    moderation effects, motivation did not consistently moderate the relationship between all physical activity variables

    (leisure-time and active travel, and self-report and accelerometer) and affective outcomes.

Authors


  •   White, Rhiannon L. (external author)
  •   Parker, Philip (external author)
  •   Lubans, David R. (external author)
  •   Macmillan, Freya (external author)
  •   Olson, Rebecca (external author)
  •   Astell-Burt, Thomas E.
  •   Lonsdale, Chris (external author)

Publication Date


  • 2018

Citation


  • White, R. Lee., Parker, P. D., Lubans, D. R., MacMillan, F., Olson, R., Astell-Burt, T. & Lonsdale, C. (2018). Domain-specific physical activity and affective wellbeing among adolescents: an observational study of the moderating roles of autonomous and controlled motivation. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 15 87-1-87-13.

Ro Full-text Url


  • https://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=5108&context=sspapers

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/sspapers/4099

Start Page


  • 87-1

End Page


  • 87-13

Volume


  • 15

Place Of Publication


  • United Kingdom