© World Scientific Publishing Company. Convexity correction is a well-known approximation technique used in pricing volatility swaps and VIX futures. However, the accuracy of the technique itself and the validity condition of this approximation have hardly been addressed and discussed in the literature. This paper shows that, through both theoretical analysis and numerical examples, this type of approximations is not necessarily accurate and one should be very careful in using it. We also show that a better accuracy cannot be achieved by extending the convexity correction approximation from a second- order Taylor expansion to third-order or fourth-order Taylor expansions. We then analyze why and when it deteriorates, and provide a validity condition of applying the convexity correction approximation. Finally, we propose a new approximation, which is an extension of the convexity correction approximation, to achieve better accuracies.