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The state of the art of battery charging infrastructure for electrical vehicles: Topologies, power control strategies, and future trend

Conference Paper


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Abstract


  • Electric vehicle battery (EVB) charger topologies play a vital role to increase the penetration of EVs. This paper reviews the status quo of EV battery (EVB) chargers in term of converter topologies, operation modes, and power control strategies for EVs. EVB Chargers are classified based on their power levels and power flow direction. Referring to power ratings, EV chargers can be divided into Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3. Level 1 and Level 2 are normally compatible with on-board chargers while Level 3 is used for an off-board charger. Unidirectional/bidirectional power flow can be obtained at all power levels. However, bidirectional power flow is usually designed for Level 3 chargers as it can provide the huge benefit of transferring power back to grid when needed. Moreover, the different operation modes of an EVB charger are also presented. There are two main modes: Grid-to-Vehicle (V1G or G2V) and Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G). The V2G mode helps bring EV batteries to become active distributed sources in smart grids and is the crucial solution for a high EV penetration. Future trend and authors' recommendations with preliminary simulation and experimental results are demonstrated in this paper.

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • V. T. Tran, D. Sutanto & K. M. Muttaqi, "The state of the art of battery charging infrastructure for electrical vehicles: Topologies, power control strategies, and future trend," in 2017 Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference (AUPEC), 2017, pp. 1-6.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85050719333

Ro Full-text Url


  • https://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2701&context=eispapers1

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/eispapers1/1699

Start Page


  • 1

End Page


  • 6

Place Of Publication


  • United States

Abstract


  • Electric vehicle battery (EVB) charger topologies play a vital role to increase the penetration of EVs. This paper reviews the status quo of EV battery (EVB) chargers in term of converter topologies, operation modes, and power control strategies for EVs. EVB Chargers are classified based on their power levels and power flow direction. Referring to power ratings, EV chargers can be divided into Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3. Level 1 and Level 2 are normally compatible with on-board chargers while Level 3 is used for an off-board charger. Unidirectional/bidirectional power flow can be obtained at all power levels. However, bidirectional power flow is usually designed for Level 3 chargers as it can provide the huge benefit of transferring power back to grid when needed. Moreover, the different operation modes of an EVB charger are also presented. There are two main modes: Grid-to-Vehicle (V1G or G2V) and Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G). The V2G mode helps bring EV batteries to become active distributed sources in smart grids and is the crucial solution for a high EV penetration. Future trend and authors' recommendations with preliminary simulation and experimental results are demonstrated in this paper.

Publication Date


  • 2017

Citation


  • V. T. Tran, D. Sutanto & K. M. Muttaqi, "The state of the art of battery charging infrastructure for electrical vehicles: Topologies, power control strategies, and future trend," in 2017 Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference (AUPEC), 2017, pp. 1-6.

Scopus Eid


  • 2-s2.0-85050719333

Ro Full-text Url


  • https://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2701&context=eispapers1

Ro Metadata Url


  • http://ro.uow.edu.au/eispapers1/1699

Start Page


  • 1

End Page


  • 6

Place Of Publication


  • United States